| Swastika http://rexcurry.net/swastika3clear.jpg
Pledge of Allegiance in images and info http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html
For fascinating information about Swastika symbolism see http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html
Growing media coverage, radio appearances, etc http://rexcurry.net/audio-rex-curry-podcast-radio.html
Fan Mail http://rexcurry.net/pledge_heart.html
| A new discovery shows that ancient swastikas
shapes were used as buttons and were used as tools for braiding, spinning
and twisting. http://rexcurry.net/swastika-braiding.html
The research is explained in the research of the historian Dr. Rex Curry
(author of "Swastika Secrets"). http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html
Dr. Curry's work helps to explain how the swastika evolved into alphabetical symbolism for overlapping S-letters for "socialism" under the American socialists Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, and the Theosophical Society, and, later, by the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazis). German Socialists used similar alphabetic symbolism for other groups, including the SS Division. Similar alphabetic symbolism is still visible as Volkswagen VW emblems.
As a primitive button, the swastika could be attached to cloth or it could remain unattached for use as a brooch, pin or clasp (by inserting it through button-style slits in two pieces of cloth). It is an improvement over an un-hooked cross in similar uses. If the end hooks are bent at more acute angles they can provide greater adherence or hooking. They hooks can also be pointed or sharpened so that it can be imbedded again, or to hold cloth more firmly. The shape was easier to create than modern round buttons. It can be created from various materials. It could be fashioned out of a single piece of un-cut metal or wire, simply by bending and shaping it with some overlapping. It could be used without attaching it permanently to a single garment, and without thread or string. It also provided the option of attachment to cloth via thread and string without the need of drilling holes (as is the case with more modern buttons).
Ancient pictorial evidence also shows the swastika symbol on tools related to braiding, spinning and twisting. The symbol served as a visual instruction for the direction of spin, and also served as a visual cue for reaching and maintaining the optimum speed of spin while the symbol revolved. The swastika was also a crude effort at 3-dimensional art to show the over-and-under mechanics of braiding, weaving and the creation of fabric or textiles. The squared swastika is also an easy artful design to hand-weave into fabric, as was done in history, and it is a design that lends itself to linking, chaining and other repetition. In another use, the swastika had individual yarns or strands threaded through the hooks of the swastika and the tool would be spun or turned to twist and braid. Such a tool would have operated more efficiently with an axis extending from the center. Some ancient swastika symbols even have dots (where strands would have passed) within each hook of the symbol in order to illustrate the tool's use. http://rexcurry.net/swastika-braid-hindu.jpg
The research helps to explain why the swastika is also known as the "hakenkreuz" or "hooked cross." The arms of the symbol really were "hooks" that held fibers.
Crosses were also used as spinning and braiding tools before the hook innovation was added to the cross.
Swastika tools are easily recreated using heavy wire (i.e. from coat hangers) combined with modern technology that provides greater spinning and twisting efficiency via electrical power. Similar principles apply to modern hair braid tools that hold four strands of hair in spinning hooks around a rotating center piece that uses an electric motor. The devices are available in the market.
Many modern myths about swastikas are based on the false belief that Nazis called their symbol a "swastika," as explained by Dr. Curry. The National Socialist German Workers' Party called its symbol a "Hakenkreuz." The "swastika myth" continues to be repeated in efforts to cover-up new discoveries, including Dr. Curry's discovery that German National Socialists altered their symbol and sometimes used it as alphabetic symbolism, such as to represent overlapping "S" letters for their "socialism."
The Anthropologist Heinrich Schliemann helped to popularize the swastika when he wrote about finding the symbol in his excavations of the site of Homer's Troy on the shores of the Dardanelles from 1871 to 1875. Many of those examples of swastikas appeared on spinning whorls or drop spindles. Those and other examples of swastikas on spinning tools were also covered by Thomas Wilson in his book “Swastika the earliest known symbol and its migrations” published in 1894. The symbol became known in France, Germany, Britain, Scandinavia, China, Japan, India and the United States. Navajo blankets were woven with swastikas as artful designs.
Professor Curry's work explains those "migrations" or provides an independent basis for discovery, in that the swastika would have migrated with the art of spinning and braiding or would have been independently discovered through the development of those arts.
Four-strand braiding is highly ornamental and is easy and simple. The process is illustrated in an accompanying illustration, and consists in crossing the opposite strands across and past one another. The very act of braiding and the braid itself creates the form of the swastika.
The swastika shape could also arise in any basketweaving society. The swastika is a repeating design, created by the edges of reeds in a square basket-weave.
In making a rope or line, the fiber of hemp, jute, cotton, or other material are loosely twisted together to form what is technically known as a "yarn." When two or more yarns are twisted together they form a "strand." Three or more strands form a rope, and three or more ropes form a cable. To form a strand the yarns are twisted together in the opposite direction from that in which the original fibers were twisted; to form a rope the strands are twisted in the opposite direction from the yarns of the strands, and to form a cable each rope is twisted opposite from the twist of the strands. In this way the natural tendency for each yarn, strand, or rope to untwist serves to bind or hold the whole firmly together.
As an old source stated "In rope the strands turn from left to right or 'with the sun,' while cable is left-handed or twisted 'against the sun.' Certain ropes, such as 'bolt-rope' and most cables, are laid around a 'core' or central strand and in many cases are four-stranded."
The S-shapes of the swastika led to other uses of S-symbolism in jewelry and elsewhere. The symbolism is shown a 1527 painting "Portrait of Thomas Morus" or "Sir Thomas More" as Lord Chancellor, by the Artist Hans Holbein the Younger (in the Frick Collection in New York).
The painting depicts a livery collar known as the Collar of Esses (or S S), due to the S-shapes. Note the three-armed swastika-style center piece holding the pendant. This famous livery collar, which has never passed out of use, takes many forms, its Esses being sometimes linked together chainwise, and sometimes, in early examples, bestowed as the ornamental bosses of a garter-shaped strap-collar.
In quilting the swastika pattern is easy to create and is also known as a "Catch Me If You Can" and a "Whirligig" due to its similarity to a pinwheel.
Dr. Curry's work has been cited and verified on Wikipedia. It might be the most referenced historical research of its type on Wikipedia. His work is sometimes used without attribution on Wikipedia in apparent efforts to boost the credibility of the borrowers.
The following is from the book “Swastika the earliest known symbol and its migrations” by Thomas Wilson and published in 1894 (at page 771) -
“Dr. Schliemann found many specimens of Swastika in his excavations at the site of ancient Troy on the hill of Hissarlik. They were mostly on spindle whorls, and will be described in due course. He appealed to Prof. Max Muller for an explanation, who, in reply, wrote an elaborate description, which Dr. Schliemann published in ‘Ilios.’
He commences with a protest against the word Swastika being applied generally to the sign Swastika, because it may prejudice the reader or the public in favor of its Indian origin. He says:
‘I do not like the use of the word svastika outside of India. It is a word of Indian origin and has its history and definite meaning in India. * * * The occurrence of such crosses in different parts of the world may or may not point to a common origin, but if they are once called Svastika the vulgus profanum will at once jump to the conclusion that they all come from India, and it will take some time to weed out such prejudice.’ ”
Muller's prediction was amazingly accurate, and he labeled so many people in the world today as "vulgus profanum." It is translated as "uneducated masses" and that is why a more literal translation is "vulgar and profane."
Translators changed “hakenkreuz” to “swastika.” Who was the first bad translator and why did others repeat the misrepresentation? "Swastika" translators might have wanted the National Socialist German Workers' Party to stain a foreign symbol rather than their own. "Hakenkreuz" is a reference to a cross. http://rexcurry.net/swastikacross.html
Although the swastika was an ancient symbol, Professor Curry discovered that it was also used sometimes by German National Socialists to represent "S" letters for their "socialism." Curry changed the way that people view the symbol of the horrid National Socialist German Workers' Party. Hitler altered his own signature to use the same stylized "S" letter for "socialist" and similar alphabetic symbolism still shows on Volkswagens. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html
The "swastika myth" continues to be repeated in efforts to cover-up Dr. Curry's discoveries.
After the swastika / hackenkreuz was adopted as a symbol of socialism, socialists continued to use it as a device for twising, as they twisted individual rights. They continued to use it for spinning, as they spun property rights in dizzying circles. They used it to weave the fabric of totalitarianism.
Swastika http://rexcurry.net/swastika3clear.jpg Swastika
cross shaped rope braiding tools
rope braiding tools
Among ancient Latvian ethnograpgical signs there is the "Pērkonkrusts" ("Thunder cross"). The sign's name tells that it was associated with the most powerful Latvian god Pērkons (Thunder). Another name for it is "Ugunskrusts" ("Fire cross").