of Allegiance was the origin of Adolf Hitler's "Nazi" salute under the
National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis). http://rexcurry.net/pledge2.html
Francis Bellamy & Edward Bellamy touted National Socialism in the USA decades before their dogma was exported to Germany. http://rexcurry.net/police-state.html
The swastika, although an ancient symbol, was also used to
represent "S" letters joined for "socialism" under the National Socialist
German Workers Party (Nazis), similar to the alphabetical symbolism for
the SS Division, the SA, the NSV, and the VW logo (the letters "V" and "W"
joined for "Volkswagen"). http://rexcurry.net/bookchapter4a1a2a1.html
Boy Scouts and American students spread flag fanaticism,
flag chanting, and the stiff-arm salute and military socialism worldwide.
See the video
||The Boy Scout
Swastika is similar to that of the 45th Infantry Division and the Soviet
|The USA originated Nazism, Nazi
salutes, flag fanaticism, robotic group-chanting to flags,
and the modern swastika symbol, as shown in the research of
the noted historian Dr. Rex Curry. The bizarre acts in
the USA began as early as 1875 and continued through the creation
of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (German Nazis
or NSGWP). The NSGWP had clear roots in National Socialism promoted
by socialists in the USA. Amazing graphic images that prove the
point are at http://rexcurry.net/theosophy-madame-blavatsky-theosophical-society.html
Also read about the 45th Infantry Division Sooner soldiers at
The USA is still the worst example in the world of bizarre laws that require robotic chanting to a national flag in government schools (socialist schools) every day for 12 years. It has changed generations of Americans from libertarians to authoritarians. The government bamboozled individuals into believing that robotic group-chanting in government schools is a beautiful expression of freedom. Frightening photographs are at http://rexcurry.net/pledge2.html
It started in 1875, when the Theosophical Society was created in New York. The TS was orgainized by Madame H.P. Blavatsky, Colonel Henry Steel Olcott (U.S. army, retired, and a writer for the New York Daily Graphic), and Charles Sotheran (an author, socialist, and a Freemason Supreme Council member of the Scottish Rite). The TS grew rapidly and soon after became international.
In 1888, Blavatsky and TS teamed up with Nationalist Clubs and the Nationalism movement under the notorious socialist Edward Bellamy, author of the book "Looking Backward," known as the Bible of Nationalism.
1890 (October) The Theosophist endorses Edward Bellamy, his book, and the Nationalist Party, and remarks about Theosophists being involved in the formation of the party and acting as its "most active and ardent workers and supporters." p 62. There is also a remark about "The Key to Theosophy" being translated into the German language (p. 61).
Theosophical writings of Annie Besant, Charles Leadbeater, and Helena Blavatsky, were translated and published in Germany. An 1892 periodical, Lotus Blossoms, featured Blavatsky's writings and "was the first German publication to sport the theosophical swastika upon its cover" (Goodrick-Clarke:25). As time went on numerous other Theosophy-based groups of occult socialism formed in Germany and Austria via Guido von List and Jorg Lanz von Liebenfels and Julius Streicher and others. Several of these groups would provide the philosophical framework for National Socialism in Germany.
Blavatsky used the swastika extensively, incorporating it into the seal of The Theosophy Society (NGC 20, JW 262 and CCM 39). The first German publication at this time to sport the Theosophical Swastika on its cover was "Lotusbluthen" (Lotus Blossoms). That was also in 1891 (NGC 25). The Theosophical publication for English children at that time was entitled 'Lotus Journal' (CCM 39).
In 1919, Julius Streicher was the local organizer of the Thule sponsored German Socialist Party (Deutschsozialistische Partei). In 1921Streicher launched the Deutscher Volkswille, it became the voice of the party. In 1922 Streicher joined the National Socialist German Workers Party and shortly thereafter handed his own party over to its notorious leader, who wrote a glowing account of Streicher's generosity in Mein Kampf (M-3). Streicher also used alphabetical symbolism when he formed his "Storm Troops" (the SA), and they wore swastika armbands (GP 25).
Edward Bellamy was cousin and cohort to Francis Bellamy, another socialist famous for creating the "Pledge of Allegiance" in 1892.
The early Pledge used a straight-arm salute that was the origin of the salute adopted later by the National Socialist German Workers' Party, as discovered by the historian Dr. Rex Curry, author of "Pledge of Allegiance Secrets." Shocking photos are on the web. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html
Francis was a Freemason and he promoted the robotic chanting and the salute within that group and other groups. The Royal Masonic Cyclopaedia (1877) includes the swastika and calls it the Hermetic Cross (Hermeticism was a form of Gnostic Christianity) and refers to its use in Europe (France).
The Bellamys and Blavatsky promoted their dogma through many other civic, religious and philosophical groups.
The Bellamy-Blavatsky dogma was similar to that of many other civic, religious, social and fraternal groups (e.g. Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts) in that it suffers ignorance of economics, markets, prices, trade and private property rights. That deficiency in most groups makes group-members easily misled into socialism. http://rexcurry.net/pledge-of-allegiance-scouting.html
Some people consider Theosophy and Blavatsky the origin of the New Age movement, and that is apropos in that the New Age movement suffers from the same vague socialist dogma.
The Bellamys and Blavatsky saw in their movements a practical means to further their "ideal of universal brotherhood." (see Arthur E. Morgan in his biography, Edward Bellamy, 1948, pp. 260-75; see also The Key to Theosophy by H. P. Blavatsky, pp. 44-5. -- K.V.M.] . The political product was socialism and self-sacrifice to government by calling it the "greater good."
There was a white supremacist ideology in it, with talk of root races, claiming that the fifth of which, the Aryans, were vastly more "evolved" than the lower races. Blavatsky openly referred to negros and Indians and "half-human mongrels", though her followers excuse this by claiming that she believed white people were also once black skinned, and because of their personal drive to advance spiritually they were reincarnated as white people. It was basically Hinduism, and difficult to defend (the Hindu connection provides another angle to the swastika as a symbolic symbol of the dogma).
Helena Blavatsky inspired Alfred Rosenberg (who was also inspired by Bellamy's book and may have been the one to introduce it to the Thule Society) though Rosenberg's top interest was antisemitism, inspired by the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, followed by Aryan supremacy (as introduced by Helena Blavatsky):
"The intellectual difference between the Aryan and other civilized nations and such savages as the South Sea Islanders, is inexplicable on any other grounds. No amount of culture, nor generations of training amid civilization, could raise such human specimens as the Bushmen, the Veddhas of Ceylon, and some African tribes, to the same intellectual level as the Aryans ..." (The Secret Doctrine).
Blavatsky also promoted the notion of Brotherhoods and Societies dedicated to the Occult. Where I see Bellamy's book coming in, is with the creation of a perfect society, once they got rid of the Jews and bred an Aryan race. And of course, you can't mistake the military socialism.
It is remarkable to note that at the time this was written, the Theosophical Society of America (TSA) continued to maintain its Springfield Branch office at the Edward Bellamy House, 93 Church Street, Chicopee, MA and also its library.
Edward Bellamy's famous utopian novel "Looking Backward from 2000 to 1887," was set in the year 2000, and published in 1888. It was the third largest bestseller of its time and was known as the Bible of National Socialism. It appears by title in many of the major socialist writings of the day. Edward's book was an international bestseller, translated into every major language (including Russian, German and Chinese). The Bellamy dogma inspired the "Nationalism" movement in the USA, Germany and worldwide. Edward inspired the creation of the Nationalist Party. Edward supported the Nationalist Magazine, the Nationalist Educational Association, and Nationalist Clubs everywhere.
Edward Bellamy also influenced his cousin Francis Bellamy, famous for the Pledge of Allegiance. Francis created the Pledge to promote their dogma in government schools. The Bellamys admired the military and they wanted the entire economy to ape the military. They called their dogma "military socialism" and they wanted to create the "industrial army" through government takeover of all schools.
When the government granted their wish, government schools imposed segregation by law and taught racism as official policy. It served as a bad example for three decades before the NSGWP. The practice in the USA even outlasted the NSGWP by more than 15 years.
The American Pledge and extended-arm salute from Bellamy-Blavatsky socialists was the origin of the salutes of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Peoples' Republic of China, and the National Socialist German Workers' Party, and it inspired their robotic chanting and worship of government and flags and symbols in their government schools (socialist schools). http://rexcurry.net/ussr-socialist-swastika-cccp-sssr.html
As early 1875, Blavatsky’s famous personal seal employed a swastika symbol and promoted the swastika throughout the TS (Jinarajadasa, p. 19 with the heading ‘H.P.B.'s Seal in 1875’ and The Theosophist, August 1931, p. 645). The swastika is the top-most symbol of seven symbols, and the swastika is placed underneath a royal crown and directly atop another central symbol, a hexagram (six points), with the other six symbols in a circular arrangement around the six points. Blavatsky's seal also employs alphabetic symbolism in the form of Blavatsky's initials in the center of the seal.
The swastika that Blavatsky used is unusual because it is exactly like the swastika adopted later by the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSGWP) and otherwise known as "the socialist swastika" : The swastika sits on a point (it is turned 45 degrees to the horizontal) and the arms point clockwise.
The historian Dr. Rex Curry (author of "Swastika Secrets") showed how that style of swastika emphasizes the "S" letters for "Socialism," or the "Superior Socialists" or "Socialist Society." See the image at http://rexcurry.net/fascism-third-reich-hitler-nazism-swastika456.jpg
Another example of similar alphabetic symbolism is that the Theosophical Society also used a snake in the shape of an "S" wrapped around a capital letter "T" for "Theosophical Society."
Although the swastika was an ancient symbol, Professor Rex Curry proved that it was used later by German National Socialists to represent "S" letters for their "socialism," as well as an "N" letter overlapping an "S" letter for "National Socialism."
With a 45 degree turn of his Hakenkreuz, the leader of the NSGWP combined the swastika with socialism, and merged religion and state. That method had already been pursued by Blavatsky and the Theosophical Society. The word "Theosophy" combines the root concept "Theo" (for "God" as in "theocracy") with "knowledge" (as in "philosophy"). http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html
Socialists socialized the swastika in more ways than one. On May, 19, 1933, Josef Goebbels' announced the "Law for Protection of National Symbols." The anti-capitalist attitude of the socialists banned use of the swastika for individual or commercial purposes. The swastika was socialized for official purposes for the glory and worship of government.
It is further proof of Dr. Curry's work that in 1939 (when the National Socialist German Workers' Party joined as allies with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to invade Poland in a pact to divide up Europe, spreading WWII), Arundale converted "The Adyar News" into "The Theosophical World" and he chose a swastika symbol that pointed counterclockwise, and that swastika symbol also showed Arundale's understanding that the earlier TS swastika had represented two separate overlapping "S" letters for "socialism." When this was written the international headquarters of the Theosophical Society was still listed as Adyar, India.
During Blavatsky's time in the USA, the swastika became a widely popular symbol. It was also known as the crooked cross, Hakenkreuz (hooked cross), twisted cross, etc.
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) supports Dr. Curry's discovery that the swastika was used by German National Socialists to symbolize entwined "S" letters for "socialism." http://rexcurry.net/swastika-hakenkreuz-oxford-english-dictionary.html
The TS dogma included oddball theories about superior races, superior societies, a "Great White Brotherhood" of masters, sub races, and seven primary root races, including the "Aryan" race, which Blavatsky described as superior to some other "races" (Cf. H. P. Blavatsky, The Secret Doctrine 1:642; G. de Purucker, Fundamentals of the Esoteric Philosophy,. 294-5; also "The Root-Race and Its Sub-Divisions," Studies in Occult Philosophy, pp. 35-9). See image at
A German occultist revival began in 1884 with the foundation of the German section of the Theosophical Society under the presidency of Dr. Wilhelm Hübbe-Schleiden.
In 1902 Dr. Rudolph Steiner became Secretary-General of the German section of the Theosophical Society. In 1912, he and a group of his followers broke away from the TS and founded the Anthroposophical Society.
The Bellamy-Blavatsky dogma and the pledge inspired socialists worldwide, and in the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): 62 million slaughtered under the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; 49 million slaughtered under the Peoples' Republic of China; 21 million slaughtered under the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSGWP). The ideas of self-sacrifice and altruism were the same ideas that led to the worst loss of life in human history.
Blavatsky touted the dogma by travelling extensively to Germany, India and worldwide (The Esoteric World of Madame Blavatsky: Reminiscences and Impressions by Those Who Knew Her by Daniel H. Caldwell: Chapter 14, Germany and Return to India 1884-1885; Chapter 15, From India to Italy and Germany, 1885; Chapter 16, Germany 1886). After Bellamy's book "Looking Backward," Blavatsky continued to promote Theosophy and National Socialism in Germany and worldwide.
Edward Bellamy had also spent a year in Germany, learning to speak and write German and attending lectures and studying German socialism. Edward's brother Frederick stated that Edward had talked and read about socialism before Edward went to Germany. Frederick wrote that Edward's letters to him from Germany were full of German socialism which "he had read and studied much at home." (see Sylvia E. Bowman's 1958 book The Year 2000). http://rexcurry.net/bellamy-edward-german-connections.html
In November, 1888, Edward personally made a contract with an interpreter to translate his book into German (see the biography by Arthur Morgan, p. 65).
In 1891, American advertisements listed German-language editions of Bellamy's book and stated that the socialist's novel "Lays the foundation of the Nationalist Movement." http://rexcurry.net/bellamy-charles-edward1891.pdf
The adverstisements coincide with Edward Bellamy's "Nationalist" magazine, published by the "Nationalist Educational Association." http://rexcurry.net/nationalistmagazine.jpg
The German translation not only promoted National Socialism in Germany, it also promoted National Socialism in America and cultivated those Americans who later supported the USA's German-American Bund movement that supported the National Socialist German Workers' Party. The socialist movement in the USA was dominated by German-Americans.
The Bellamys were bigots, racists, and xenophobes and they obsessed about new immigrants coming into the USA. Edward's book "Equality" (1897) shows his intolerance for individuality and his desire for universal brotherhood by making everyone the same through government force in government schools (socialist schools).
People were persecuted when they showed independence and individuality by rejecting the robotic chanting and straight-arm salute to the national flag. That was the flag of the USA (the stars and stripes) and of Germany (the swastika flag) as the persecution happened at the same time. There were acts of violence and lynchings in Germany and the USA.
A Harvard graduate, Ernst Hanfstaengl, personally assisted the leader of the NSGWP in promoting national socialism with more ideas from America.
The Bellamy-Blavatsky dogma influenced many American, including members of the German American Bund, and the Silvershirts under William Dudley Pelley.
The National Socialist German Workers' Party clearly patterned itself upon the National Socialism promoted by socialists in the USA during the three decades before the NSGWP existed.
Blavatsky's oddball racism-socialism theories were repeated by Guido von List (and his followers such as Lanz von Liebenfels) and Alfred Rosenberg and other members of the Thule Society and they influenced the National Socialist German Workers' Party. http://rexcurry.net/fascism-third-reich-hitler-nazism-swastika456.jpg
Another occultist to influence the leader of German socialism was Dr. Karl Haushofer, who was introduced to Hitler in 1924 while the latter was in Landsberg prison. Haushofer, a Blavatsky disciple, employed "The Secret Doctrine" ideas.
Both Rosenberg and Blavatsky were from Russia and influenced the use of the swastika as a socialist symbol in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Rosenberg was another of many notorious socialists who had been active in Russia (in 1917) and in Germany (with German National Socialists). The noted historian Dr. Rex Curry has suggested that this may have been the inspiration behind the adoption of the swastika as alphabetic symbolism for "socialism" by the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
Rosenberg was born to Baltic German parents in Reval (Tallinn) Estonia, then part of the Russian Empire. He studied architecture at the Riga Polyechnical Institute and engineering at Moscow University, completing his Ph.D. studies in 1917.
After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he emigrated to Germany (in 1918) along with his friend Max Scheubner-Richter. Rosenberg was one of the earliest (January 1919) members of the German Workers Party and it became the National Socialist German Workers Party and adopted the swastika as its symbol and used the symbol to represent "S" letters for "socialist." In 1921, Rosenberg became editor of the Völkischer Beobachter ("Folkish Observer"), the newspaper of the National Socialists.
Rosenberg also became a member of the Thule Society, founded August 17, 1918. Rosenberg and the Thule Society touted oddball ideas about socialism, universal brotherhood, and the Aryan race that were all borrowed from the notorious socialist and occultist Madame Blavatsky and her Theosophical Society, formed in New York in 1875.
The Thule Society also used a swastika as its symbol. In 1920, another member of the Thule Society, Friedrick Krohn, suggested to Adolf Hitler that the nascent Nazi Party adopt the Hakenkreutz as its logo. However, the Thule swastika was not the same swastika used by German National Socialists. Instead, the swastika adopted by the leader of German National Socialists was the same swastika that had been used for forty years by Madame Blavatsky as a symbol for her utopian "socialist society." http://rexcurry.net/theosophy-madame-blavatsky-theosophical-society.html
Thule Society members maintained close contacts with followers of Theosophy and the followers of Helena Blavatsky. It is also interesting to note that the Thule Society adopted as its name two words that have the same "TS" initials that the Theosophical Society had used in its symbolism for decades.
Three decades before the National Socialist German Workers' Party existed, socialists in the USA had promoted National Socialism, the straight-arm salute, collective robotic chanting, and the modern swastika as an "S" symbol for "socialism."
At the time this was written, internet searches indicated that the Edward Bellamy Memorial Association and the Chicopee Historical Society and the Theosophical Society of America (TSA library and Springfield Branch office) were headquartered at the Edward Bellamy House, 91 to 93 Church Street, Chicopee, MA.
At the time this was written, internet searches indicated that the "Lucis Trust" http://www.lucistrust.org/ is a current UN-accredited NGO (in "consultative status" with the United Nation's Economic and Social Council), and an officially acknowledged financial contributor to the United Nations. The "Lucis Trust" grew from the organization started by Alice Bailey in 1922 when she founded the "Lucifer Publishing Company" to publish her and Blavatsky's writings and also published a magazine entitled "Lucifer" wherein Edward Bellamy's dogma was promoted.
The USA is still the worst example in the world of bizarre laws that require robotic chanting to a national flag in government schools (socialist schools) every day for 12 years.
The USA still follows similar anti libertarian policies promoted by the Bellamys and by socialists in the Theosophical Society. Many socialist policies caused the USA's big, expensive, oppressive government, its aggressive military socialism, and its growing police state. It caused the Great Socialist Depression (from the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act 1930 etc) that persisted and even lasted through U.S. involvement in WWII. The Pledge still exists along with laws mandating that teachers lead the robotic chanting every day for twelve years of each child's life (though the salute was altered). The government still owns and operates schools, including the same schools that imposed segregation by law and taught racism as official government policy. That policy even outlasted the National Socialist German Workers' Party by over 15 years. After segregation in government's schools ended, the Bellamy legacy caused more police-state racism of forced busing that destroyed communities and neighborhoods and deepened hostilities. Those schools still exist. Infants are given social security numbers (socialist slave numbers from 1935 during the NSGWP) that track and tax everyone for life. Government schools (socialist schools) demand the numbers for enrollment.
Today, children in government schools enter through high chain-link fences, past assembly-line searches of students, through the metal detectors, hand-wanding and x-rays of purses and backpacks, past video surveillance cameras in the hallways, past the police dogs sniffing lockers and youngsters, and finally past all the locked doors and into the classroom. Once inside, they watch robotic chanting of the Pledge of Allegiance to the USA's growing police state. Later, they are asked for urine samples for mandatory drug testing.
It shows how close the USA moved toward (and is still moving toward) socialism. Many Americans serve as sad examples of how authoritarian governments come into existence, grow so large, last so long, and kill so many. The dogma of socialism is still growing all over the world.
Swastika http://rexcurry.net/swastika3clear.jpg Swastika
Francis Bellamy was a Freemason, as were founders of the Theosophical Society. Mason means "Maison" or "Mansion," or more modernly "house." It was a reference to people who build houses, and who are free. Socialist dogma enslaves freemasons to the government's housing and building schemes as under the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Peoples' Republic of China, and the National Socialist German Workers' Party. It causes shortages, poverty, misery and even death. It is comparable to the slave builders of Egypt. Bellamy wanted to impose Military Socialism upon Freemasons. http://rexcurry.net/1qb1.html
Theosophical Society 1982 Wheaton Illinois
the seal in on the left on the binding
Theosophical Society alphabetic symbolism
similar to the swastika as "S" letters for "Socialism."
This is a symbol used by Madame Helena Blavatsky of the Theosophical Society during the time that she collaborated with the American socialist Edward Bellamy and his Nationalist movement in the USA.
The inner symbol at lower left is "Shin" the twenty-first letter in many Semitic abjads, including Phoenician, Aramaic, Hebrew שׂ, and Arabic šīn ﺵ (in abjadi order, 12th in modern order).
The Phoenician Shin letter gave rise to other letters related to the letter "S," such as the Greek Sigma (Σ), Latin S, and Cyrillic letters Es (С).
In Judaism Shin also stands for S-letter symbolism for the word "Shaddai," a name for God. Because of this, a kohen (priest) forms the letter Shin with his hands as he recites the Priestly Blessing. In the mid 1960s, actor Leonard Nimoy used a single-handed version of this gesture to create the Vulcan Hand Salute for his character, Mr. Spock, on Star Trek.
In Jewish tradition the letter Shin is inscribed on the Mezuzah, a vessel which houses a scroll of parchment with Biblical text written on it. The text contained in the Mezuzah is the Shema Yisrael prayer, which calls the Israelites to love their God with all their heart. The mezuzah is situated upon all the doorframes in a home. Sometimes the whole word Shaddai is written.
The letter Shin also appears in the game of dreidel / dreydl as S-letter symbolism for "shtel" ("put" meaning to put a coin in the pot).
It is unfortunate that the monstrous National Socialist German Workers Party also used S-letter symbolism in the swastika to represent it dogma of "Socialism" under German National Socialism, a dogma influenced by the work of Edward Bellamy's National Socialist movement and Madame Blavatsky's Theosophical Society in the USA, which also used the swastika symbol.
In addition, German socialists did not call their symbol a "swastika." German socialists called their symbol a Hakenkreuz. The word "Hakenkreuz" means "hooked cross" because it was also a reference to God and religion, as a type of cross.
The two S-letters mad the socialist swastika was a digrammaton, instead of a tetragrammaton.
In 1875, Madame Helena P. Blavatsky resided at 3420 Sansom Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, now home of the White Dog Cafe.
Order of New Templars, Europe 1900, Cavendish, Richard (ed.). Man, Myth & Magic: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Supernatural (vol. 15). New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp. (1970); pg. 1982. "Viennese occultist, racial theorist and founder of the Order of New Templars, ...Jorg Lanz von Liebenfels... was born at Vienna on 19 July 1874 as Adolf Lanz... In 1893, at the age of 19, he became a novice at a Cistercian monastery at Heiligenkreuz (on the present Austro-Hungarian border) but was expelled six years later... Shortly afterwards he founded his Order of New Templars, which had a strongly 'racial-religious' emphasis. In 1934, a year after Hitler came to power, he wrote that the Order was 'the first manifestation of the Movement (i.e. HItler's) which now, in accordance with the law of God, is most powerful in history and unrestrainedly sweeping over the world.' Lanz was not the only founder of a Central European sect to claim that he had anticipated Hitler's racial and other theories. "
Francis Bellamy was a Freemason and he promoted robotic chanting in the Pledge of Allegiance and the stiff-armed salute (the early gesture for the pledge) within that group and other groups.
The Royal Masonic Cyclopaedia (1877) includes the swastika and calls it the Hermetic Cross (Hermeticism was a form of Gnostic Christianity) and refers to its use in France.
Hermetic Cross, used by members of the Governing Body of the Order of Ishmael, Esau, Reconciliation, and Expiation. The position of the Cross in relation to the signuture is varied, according to instructions issued from time to time, and marks the rank of the signatary; the colour of the ink is also varied. vol 1, pg. 9
Hermetic Cross - A cross called Hermetic is used in France, and exemplified in the Hermetic section of the Antient and Primitive Rite. (See Jaina Cross.)
Also see page 353 discussion of the Hammer of Thor (that would return after being thrown), the possible use as a boomerang.
Also Molner might be related to Mallet or Hammer.