Hakenkreuz swastika image http://rexcurry.net/fascism-third-reich-hitler-nazism-swastika456.jpg
Hitler's Cross, Hakenkreuz, Swastika, Svastika, Hitler's Cross, Fylfot Hakenkreuz - Swastika relationships
to the cross and Christianity
Hitler's Cross

Translators changed “hakenkreuz” to “swastika.” Who was the first bad translator and why did others repeat the misrepresentation?  This website is researching.

"Swastika" translators might have wanted the National Socialist German Workers' Party to stain a foreign symbol rather than their own.  "Hakenkreuz" is a reference to a cross. http://rexcurry.net/swastikacross.html

The cross reference might have been a reminder that in ancient times it was for torture and execution.  The Nazi Hakenkreuz was used in the persecution of people for various reasons, including religious differences. It came to represent the socialist sins of the Nazis.

The Nazi Hackenkreuz  combined the German-Prussian Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz -"rider cross" or "Knight's Cross") with the pre-Nazi Hackenkreuz to form new overlapping "S" shapes for the "socialist" dogma of the horrid National Socialists.

Military medals and pre-1945 posters show the relationship to other crosses. http://rexcurry.net/socialism-posters/posters2.html

Interest in the swastika / hakenkreuz grew when the ruins of ancient Troy were uncovered by German archaeologists in the mid-19th century.
An ominous parallel is that interest in reviving the Olympic games grew also when the ruins of ancient Olympia were uncovered by German archaeologists in the mid-19th century.  http://rexcurry.net/pledgesalute.html   

The modern Olympics used a straight-arm salute similar to the salute of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, and both were derived from the USA's pledge of allegiance and military salute as written by a national socialist in the USA, a discovery made at  http://rexcurry.net/pledgesalute.html

The USA's chief National Socialist was Edward Bellamy, a fan of the Prussian military and its educational system.  The Prussian system was Bellamy's blueprint for "military socialism" that he espoused three decades before the Nazis.  His book "Looking Backward 2000-1887" was an international bestseller in 1888 and in its German translation.

Bellamy spent a year in Dresden (1868-9), learning to speak and write German and attending lectures. His stay occurred shortly after the war between Prussia and Austria.  Saxony, of which Dresden was the capital, had sided with Austria, had been conquered by Prussia, and then had joined the North German Federation.  While Bellamy was there the German Workers' Party issued its program of socialist cliches that Bellamy repeated in his bestseller and for the rest of his life.  Who influenced who the most?

Edward Bellamy was cousin and cohort to Francis Bellamy, creator of the straight-arm salute of the pledge of allegiance.  Both Bellamys were leaders in the "Society of Christian Socialists" that called its dogma "Christian Socialism" in the USA.  

Prussia led to the formation of the German empire, and after World War I, Prussia continued to exist as the largest Land (state) within the Weimar Republic and under the National Socialist German Workers’ Party.  After World War II it was dissolved by decree of the Allied Control Council in 1947.

The Hakenkreuz used many names besides swastika.  Armed Cross, Twisted Cross, Crooked Cross, Lucky Cross.  The eponymous northern Ontario village of Swastika was named after a swastika "good luck" charm, and gold was discovered in the town, and a Lucky Cross Mill stood there in 1918.