Francis Bellamy and his cousin and cohort, the author Edward Bellamy, wanted government to take over all schools as a socialist monopoly, end all of the better alternatives, and use government schools to produce an "industrial army" (a Bellamy term) explicitly modeled upon the military in order to nationalize the economy and create a society of totalitarian socialism as described in the book "Looking Backward" by Edward Bellamy. The Bellamy boys actively promoted what they called "military socialism."  Edward Bellamy also published the Nationalist Magazine.

In many ways, the Bellamys were "more Nazi than the Nazis."

Does the Pledge of Allegiance establish a religion  --the worship of government?

Public comments about the pledge show that few people know about the pledge's poisonous past.  The pledge was written in 1892 by a self-proclaimed National Socialist in the U.S., who wanted government to take over all schools to create an "industrial army" for totalitarian socialism.

Few people know of the discovery by the journalist Rex Curry that the original salute to the flag was the origin of the Nazi salute. Eye-popping photos are only linked at

Few people know that "Nazi" means "National Socialist German Workers' Party."  An easy mnemonic device to remember that Nazis were socialists and that "Nazi" means "National Socialist German Workers’ Party" is that the horrid swastika resembles overlapping "S" shapes for "socialism," and that the Nazis often used stylized "S" symbolism.

The common claim that the straight-arm salute is an old Roman salute is a myth.

The pledge of allegiance was authored by the self-proclaimed socialist Francis Bellamy. Bellamy was the first cousin of the socialist Edward Bellamy. Edward Bellamy's futuristic novel, "Looking Backward," was published in 1888, and described life in the year 2000.  It described a totalitarian society where all private transactions are outlawed, where the government places all men in an "industrial army" (a Bellamy phrase) explicitly modeled on the military and where the  government has taken over all schools as a socialist monopoly for the "industrial army" system to acheive "military socialism" (another Bellamy phrase) and to nationalize the entire economy.  Of course, all of the preceding was portrayed as a dandy utopia just as it was portrayed by so many apologists for the industrial armies of socialist hell-holes worldwide.  It explains the modern Military-Socialist complex.

The book spawned a socialist movement in the U.S. known as "Nationalism," with the Nationalist magazine, and "Nationalist Clubs" whose members wanted the federal government to nationalize most of the American economy. Francis Bellamy was a member of this movement and a vice president of its socialist auxiliary group.

In the original articles about the Pledge of Allegiance,  Francis Bellamy promotes government schools and snipes at the many better alternatives, and urges that education should come only from government.  It is consistent with the government school monopoly in the book "Looking Backward" and the "industrial army" promoted by the Bellamys. 

Bellamy lived during the time when schools were becoming socialized heavily in the United States.  When the U.S. Constitution was written, children received private educations (schools are not mentioned in the U.S. Constitution).

Francis Bellamy used his position with the National Education Association (NEA) to promote the pledge.  Edward Bellamy published the “Nationalist” magazine and both Bellamys supported its publisher, the “Nationalist Educational Association,” (NEA) named with deliberate similarity to the National Education Association. The name is visible in the photo above near the bottom of the magazine's cover.  This is the only one place on the web with an example of the "Nationalist" magazine.

The Government-schools spread and mandated racism and segregation by law and did so through WWII and well beyond.

The straight-armed salute of the pledge in racist and segregated government schools served as a widespread example to Germany through WWI and for over three decades before Nazism and WWII.  The National Socialist German Workers' Party was also inspired by German-Americans who were already national socialists in the U.S. and who joined the German American Bund movement to support national socialists in Germany before WWII.

Germans learned bad American behavior via old films, via WWI, and via the widespread use of the straight-arm salute by German-American groups in the USA, that  led to its adoption later by the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi Party).

Edward Bellamy's book was translated into 20 foreign languages.  It was popular among the elite in pre-revolutionary Russia, and was even read by Lenin's wife. John Dewey and the historian Charles Beard intended to praise the book when they stated that it was matched in influence only by Das Kapital.

Francis Bellamy lived from 1855 to1931. Edward Bellamy lived from 1850-1898. Edward Bellamy was spared witnessing the horrors that his socialism caused to the rest of humanity. Francis Bellamy lived in the U.S. during the first 14 years of mass atrocities under the industrial army of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.  Francis Bellamy might not have known about the horrors of his socialist ideas in the U.S.S.R. at that time.  Francis Bellamy lived long enough to see a similar salute and philosophy espoused by the industrial army of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.  If Edward Bellamy's fictional character had awakened in the year 2000 he would have learned that since 1887 Bellamy's philosophy had set and was holding all the worst records for shortages, poverty, misery, starvation, atrocities and mass slaughter.

The socialist Wholecaust occurred under the industrial armies of the socialist trio of atrocities.

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 62 million deaths, 1917-'87; the People's Republic of China, 35 million, 1949-'87; and the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, 21 million, 1933-'45 (numbers from Professor R. J. Rummel's article in the Encyclopedia of Genocide (1999) and in "Death by Government."  

The Bellamys were also pompous about "equality."   When a socialist supports "equality" he means that he doesn't like the way you are, and wants to change you and he wants to use government force to do it.  He is saying that he dislikes all people because they are "different" and have different possessions, incomes, clothes, cars, property, families, ideas, educations, successes, cultures,  languages, interests, entertainment, etc.  He is saying he wants you to believe that changing everyone is a good idea.  That is why he supports government schools and military socialism as a way to use government to force change and stop differences and make everyone a cog in an "industrial army."  It is the worst bigotry.  They acheived massive equality for many in the socialist wholecaust by making them equally poor and then equally dead.

After the National Socialist German Workers' Party tried to impose socialism on the world, many U.S. citizens were disturbed by the Pledge's similar salute and that it was written by a socialist in "Nationalist" groups in the U.S.   Although the salute changed, the pledge remained the same.  

There is something more disturbing than all of the above: Most children are never told any of the preceding history in government schools, even though there is often a totalitarian-style robotic recital of the pledge as a collective by children in government schools en masse on cue from the government every single day.

It is a wonder why anyone recites the Pledge of Allegiance.  It is probably because of rampant ignorance about the Pledge's origin and history.

No one would trust the government to tell you the truth if it ran the newspapers. Why would anyone expect the government to tell children the truth in government schools? As Libertarians say: The separation of school and state is as important as the separation of church and state. And that is the real solution to the pledge debate and all other school issues: remove government from education.

How is the National Education Association
(NEA) related to the National Educators Association?

In 2008, Laughland was one of 10 teachers in the United States chosen by the National Educators Association to travel to England and work there with 10 colleagues.

She was surprised to learn that in England, students don't recite a pledge of allegiance, and spectators at sporting events don't rise to sing the national anthem, she said.

"They viewed it as forcing students to say it. I see it as an expression of citizenship," Laughland said.

Pledge of Allegiance, Francis Bellamy, Edward Bellamy, Industrial Army, Military Socialism

A lie has only to be repeated often enough before it enters the popular consciousness as "truth" – that's the first lesson in any good propagandist's lesson book. Government schools have a crack team of liars working overtime to put one over on Americans, beaming nonstop misinformation 24/7 about the Pledge, national socialism and everything.

It is odd how the U.S. government often portrays its enemy of the week as Hitler. The somewhat hapless Slobodan Milosevic was portrayed as the reincarnation of Hitler, just as Saddam Hussein was later made into this larger-than-life despot whose evil achieved Hitlerian dimensions. Many Americans continue to believe Saddam Hussein was responsible for the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

History repeats itself: the first time as tragedy, and the second time as even greater tragedy – with the likelihood of more to come.

Edward Bellamy Swastika, Industrial Army