Paul Bellamy was the son of Edward Bellamy. Paul (26 Dec. 1884-12 Apr. 1956)
was editor-in-chief of the Cleveland Plain-Dealer (1928-54). Son of Edward
Bellamy and Emma (Sanderson) Bellamy, he was born in Chicopee Falls, Mass.
He graduated from Harvard (1906), and worked a year on the Springfield (Mass.)
Union before moving to Cleveland as a reporter for the Plain Dealer. http://rexcurry.net/bellamy-paul.html
In 1945, Paul wrote an introduction to an edition of his father's book "Looking
Backward" (published by the World Publishing Co., of Cleveland Ohio). In
a supreme act of intellectual dishonesty, Paul did not mention the National
Socialist German Workers' Party, nor the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,
nor even World War II, in that introduction to his father's book on May 22,
1945 (On August 15, 1945, victory was celebrated on VJ Day (Victory over Japan
Day) and on September 2, 1945, Japan signed formal surrender documents). If
Paul believed his own father's socialist trash, then Paul would have attempted
to explain how the millions of lives lost might have been saved if the socialists
in the National Socialist German Workers' Party and the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics had embraced his father's "brand" of socialist trash. Paul Bellamy
said nothing to defend his father in that regard. Other people have said
that the National Socialist German Workers' Party and the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics DID embrace his father's socialist dogma.
He was a Democrat and knew President Franklin Roosevelt. Bellamy was president
of the American Society of Newspaper Editors in 1933 and helped write the
National Recovery Administration (NRA) code for newspapers. It was more of
Bellamy's military socialism General Hugh S. Johnson, who had been a general
in the war. The NRA and its nazi-style symbols and schemes included the eagle
grasping a cog wheel. http://rexcurry.net/nazi-salute-hugh-johnson-fdr.JPG
Paul Bellamy was a director of the Associated Press for 18 years.
It was not until 1943 that Bellamy warned against excessive wartime censorship.
It is said that Bellamy became "critical" of the New Deal. The Democratic
Plain Dealer endorsed Wendell Willkie in 1940. Nonetheless, Roosevelt made
Bellamy head of a wartime committee formulating policies governing occupational
draft deferments for federal employees. http://rexcurry.net/book11pledge-ch2a1a.html
Carter Glass saw the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) code as an attempt
to destroy freedom of the press. See "Carter Glass: a biography" By Rixey
Smith, Norman Beasley
Read about the ANPA in Blanchard. Margaret A. "Freedom of the Press and the
Newspaper Code: June 1933-February 1934." Journalism Quarterly 54
Below are excerpts about Paul Bellamy from the Nation Magazine in the 1940's.
From The Nation - America's Longest Running Weekly Magazine.
Volume: 159 • Issue #: 0016 • Date: October 14, 1944
The P.A.C at Work by Stone, I. F.
Abstract: It will take the greatest outpouring of working class votes in
the history of Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, and the smaller Ohio industrial
cities to counterbalance the rising anti-New Deal tide in the countryside
and carry Illinois, Michigan, and Ohio for the U.S. President Franklin D.
Roosevelt. For labor, more is at stake than the reelection of the President.
With the emergence of the C.I.O. Political Action Committee, labor is in politics
as an organized force. The next few days will decide the outcome of the election
in this area.
Selections from Full Text:
...Louis "America-Will-Be-Starving-by-Next-Winter" Bromfield thinks him
"the best thing that has happened to the Democratic Party in Ohio in twenty-five
years," and Cleveland's unanimously anti-New Deal papers are passionate about
...The P. A C. at Work BY I. F. STONE Chicago, October 6 TTT WILL take the
greatest outpouring of workingj class votes in the history of Chicago, Detroit,
Cleveland, and the smaller Ohio industrial cities to counterbalance the rising
anti-New Deal tide in the countryside and carry Illinois, Michigan, and Ohio
...So far the P. A. C. seems to have done its best Job on registration in
Detroit, its poorest in Cleveland...
...This may hurt the President in Ohio, where Lausohe would have brought
many normally anti-New Deal votes to the Democratic ticket, but it will help
him in Michigan, where Governor Harry F. Kelly is expected to run far ahead
of the rest of the Republican ticket...
...I add wrily that the editor responsible for this succinct echo of the
Chicago Tribune is the son of the Utopian Socialist Edward Bellamy, author
of "Looking Backward...
...industrial areas if Roosevelt and labor are to win...
...In both Ohio and Michigan Republican legislatures enacted a separate
ballot law as a safeguard against another Roosevelt landslide...
...He looks like the Common People's Friend but is safely.housebroken...
...I heard Lausche speak at-the state convention of the Democratic Party
in Columbus and can report that he said nothing which might alarm the Cleveland
...In Cleveland, and in Ohio generally, the P. A. C. itself is subordinate
to Labor's Joint Committee for Political Action, which represents not only
the C. I. 0. but the A. F. of L., the Railroad Brotherhoods, and the Ohio
Federation of Telephone Workers, an independent union...
...If Illinois, Michigan, and Ohio go to F. D. R., despite the trend toward
Republicanism, then the automobile workers, the steel workers, the rubber
workers, the electrical workers, the packing-house work...
...The Plain Dealer was for Newton D. Baker in 1932, supported Roosevelt
"with some misgivings" (its own words) in 1936, swung to Willkie in 1940,
and is now for Dewey on the ground that "the only possible outcome of his
...Except "for a reference to "our Commander-in-Chief, Franklin D. Roosevelt,"
Lausche eschewed all controversial topics...
...Lausche fancies himself as a Slovene Lincoln, already has his eyes...
...In Illinois Scott Lucas has a good chance of reelection against Richard
J. Lyons, the Chicago Tribune candidate, whose acrid "nationalism" has led
some ten downstate Republican papers to come out for Lucas...
...A vigorous effort by the P. A. C. is all the more necessary because the
anti-Roosevelt forces in many rural and suburban areas are also running "get
out the Vote" campaigns...
...In Cleveland I found both the old-time progressives and the labor movement
sour on Mayor Frank J. Lausche, the Democratic candidate for Governor...
...One of his mentors is Paul Bellamy, editor of the Cleveland Plain Dealer...
From The Nation - America's Longest Running Weekly Magazine.
Volume: 162 • Issue #: 0017 • Date: April 27, 1946
Germany: Political Battleground
by Sternberg, Fritz
Open the article in The Nation Digital Archive
This article focuses on the merger of the Social Democratic and Communist
Party of Germany. The delegates of the Social Democratic and Communist parties
of Germany met in Berlin's Palace Theater in the Russian sector on April 14,
1946 and decided to merge the two parties. At this meeting, Otto Grotewohl,
chairman of the Central Committee of the Social Democratic Party, hailed the
accomplishment of fusion and predicted that the unification of the two parties
would be extended to the zones occupied by the Western powers. Though the
merger in Berlin was effected under Russian pressure, the ground for it had
been prepared much earlier.
Selections from Full Text:
...it means stagnation not only for Germany but also for other parts of
...The Social Democratic Executive Committee in Berlin favored a united
party, but at a stormy meeting of party officers an overwhelming majority
voted against the merger and demanded that members be given a chance to record
their position in a secret ballot...
...In one of a series of articles about the Russian zone the London Economist
said: Nominally the eastern German industries have not yet been nationalized...
...Gardner Cowles, Jr., publisher of the Des Moines Register-Tribune: "If
we do not feed the Germans adequately it is inevitable that a great deal of
chaos will result and there will be a tendency to swing Germany toward the
Soviets, which I consider unfortunate...
...But if German industry, beginning in the British zone, is reconstructed
on a socialistic basis, then the German workers will be fully employed and
have a decisive voice in management and in their working conditions...
...After the collapse of the Nazi regime, it was very natural for them to
resolve not to repeat the old mistakes but to form one united German workers'
...They have the last say on all matters where employment and denazification
...The character of the pressure being exerted was described in the London
Tribune on March 1: A detailed report on eastern Germany appeared last Tuesday
in the Manchester Guardian...
...SOCIALIST RECONSTRUCTION IN THE WEST In England these facts are gradually
...On paper the Russians have not socialized production...
...The United Press reported from Berlin: "A group of American editors and
publishers touring Germany under army auspices warned the American people
today that they must assume the responsibility of feeding the Germans if democracy
is to compete with communism in Germany...
...They will, of course, have to overcome much anti-Russian feeling, but
the contrast between their positive acts and the absence of any constructive
changes in the British and American zones is bound to make an impression on
...And because outside of Berlin the Social Democrats in the Russian zone
are subject to undiluted Russian pressure a preponderant majority of them
will probably agree to a united party...
...These hopes were not fulfilled...
...Throughout the Russian zone the Betriebsrdte (works councils) play a
dominant part in industry...
...So far the British and Americans have been content to support the efforts
of those Social Democrats who want to preserve their party's independence...
...In industry they have instituted a stateplanned production based on need,
and though they have removed much machinery and even whole factories to Prussia,
output in their zone, according to all reports, is greater than in the American,
British, or French zone, and there is hardly any unemployment...
...And the most industrially developed areas are in the British zone...
...RUSSIA USES TERROR After "recommending" the merger the Russians had some
difficulty in completing it since there are in Beriin, besides the Russian,
an American, a British, and a French sector...
...The dangers inherent in this situation have been clearly recognized by
persons on the spot...
...The reconstruction of the German economy cannot be separated from a change
in the structure of German society...
...On the contrary, the behavior of the Red Army, in Germany as in Austria
and Hungary, diminished any Communist leanings among the population, and the
removal of a large amount of machinery from German factories increased the
antipathy to the conquerors...
...Even before the war many German workers realized that the bitter dissensions
in their own ranks had facilitated the Nazi victory...
...If the old monopolistic-capitalistic forces remain in power, then naturally
the danger exists that industrial reconstruction wiil further the development
of the old neo-fascist, aggressive aims...
...This united party would be in reality the Communist Party under another
...Although no mistreatment is alleged such as made the names of the camps
infamous throughout the world, some of the individuals who were inmates there
during the war for anti-Nazi activities are again behind the same walls for
anti-Communist speeches and sentiment, according to these statements...
...If at the same time the workers enjoy personal and political liberty
they will have no temptation to join a Soviet-sponsored party but will keep
their own Social Democratic Party strong and independent...
...It was the forerunner of a Social Democratic-Communist Party Congress
for the entire Russian zone...
...Not only the supply of food but the whole economy and especially the
position of the German worker in society should be at least as good in the
west as in the east...
...it means destroying the foundation of all the European Socialist parties,
because those parties are founded on employed workers...
...All elections at which no pressure was exerted, even in the Russian zone,
showed that the Communists were not dominant...
...The Western powers cannot long avoid a decision about the future of the
German economy, the socialization of German industries...
...Usually the technical director belonging to the old management is left
in his position...
...Paul Bellamy, editor of the Cleveland Plain Dealer: "We have to feed
the Germans or throw Central Europe into the hands of Communists...