The Pledge of Allegiance was written for the popular magazine Youth's
Companion by [[Francis Bellamy]], and was published on September 8, 1892.
The Youth's Companion magazine's first publishers stated that it was created
to encourage "virtue and piety, and... warn against the ways of transgression."
Its early issues were centered around religion. The Youth's Companion did
not mention drugs or alcohol. Until the Youth's Companion Magazine ceased
to exist in 1929, it promoted the Pledge of Allegiance. http://rexcurry.net/pledge-of-allegiance.html
The Pledge was originally part of a larger Columbus Day ceremony that
had many religious references, including the phrase "under God," as shown
by the historian Dr. Rex Curry. http://rexcurry.net/pledgespeech.html
The ceremony also expressed the Bellamy desire for the government to take
over the education of all children and to turn all schools into government
schools. The Youth's Companion Magazine aided the Bellamy ideas by
promoting a national flag over every government school and that is why there
are many laws today that require the federal flag to be displayed in every
classroom, along with a daily chanting of the pledge.
The Pledge was published in the September 8, 1892, issue of the magazine,
and immediately put to use in the upcoming Columbus Day campaign. Bellamy
went to speak to a national meeting of school superintendents in government
schools to promote the coming celebration; the convention liked the idea
and selected a committee of leading educators to implement the program, including
the immediate past president of the National Education Association. Bellamy
was selected as the chair and he received the official blessing of government
As part of the ceremony, flag raising was planned and the idea of a
pledge developed along with the desire for a gesture as part of the pledge.
The Bellamys adored the military and they wanted the entire economy to be
nationalized and emulate the military. They also called their dogma “military
socialism” and they wanted government to take over all schools in order
to create the “industrial army” from schoolchildren and spread their vision.
The Pledge of Allegiance fit with that vision and Francis was pleased to
adopt his co-worker’s suggestion that the pledge should have as its initial
gesture the military salute.
The initial military salute was held for the phrase “I pledge allegiance”
and then the hand was extended outward toward the flag. In actual
use, the second part of the gesture was performed with a straight arm and
palm down by children extending the military salute while perfunctorily performing
the forced ritual chanting. Photographs confirm it and that is why
such photographs are never shown in schools, in the media, in court decisions,
and are difficult to find. Due to the way that both gestures were
used sequentially in the pledge, the military salute led to the salute of
the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSGWP), as discovered by the
historian Dr. Rex Curry. The NSGWP salute is an extended military salute
via the pledge. Shocking historic photographs of the early Pledge salute
are suppressed and rare but can be found on the web. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html
The pledge became widespread in government schools, and many people
were persecuted for refusing to chant the Bellamy pledge and for refusing
to give Bellamy's straight-arm salute to the national flag. That was
the national flag of the USA and of Germany. It was happening in the USA
(to the stars and stripes) and in Germany (to the swastika flag) at the
same time. Some of the people who refused to chant and salute were
religious people who considered the act sacrilegious. They were good reasons
to consider the pledge and the salute to be the sacrilegious worship of
government. Most people do not know that a cross was worshiped as the notorious
symbol of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. The group called
their symbol the Hakenkreuz, not the swastika. Hakenkreuz means "hooked
cross." Although the swastika was an ancient symbol, Professor Rex Curry
discovered that it was also used sometimes by German National Socialists
to represent "S" letters for their "socialism." With a 45 degree turn
of his Hakenkreuz, the leader of German National Socialists combined the
cross with collectivism, merged church and state, meshed religion and socialism,
and mandated the worship of government. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html
Both Bellamys had been advocates of what they called "Christian Socialism."
Francis Bellamy lost his position in the ministry because he used it as
a pulpit for his "Christian Socialism" theology. After leaving there,
Francis continued to push his plans, but switched to using the government
and government schools as a mandatory method to promote his ideas.
It was at that time (in the year 1892) that Francis took the job at
the Youth's Companion Magazine where he eventually penned his pledge. The
people who hired Bellamy at the Youth’s Companion and who gave him his pledge
assignment were familiar with, and embraced, Bellamy's "Christian socialism."
Francis had written and worked for his theology openly before then.
In addition, Francis and Edward had been openly involved in the national
socialism movement and the "Nationalist" magazine, published by the "Nationalist
Francis also influenced his cousin [[Edward Bellamy]], the author of
the socialist utopian novel Looking Backward (1888). According to Erich
Fromm, Bellamy's book Looking Backward 2000-1887 "...is one of the
few books ever published that created almost immediately on its appearance
a political mass movement." (Fromm, p vi). It was the third largest bestseller
of its time. It influenced a large number of intellectuals, and appears by
title in many of the major Marxist writings of the day. "Nationalism Clubs"
sprang up all over the United States and worldwide for discussing and propagating
the book's ideas. Francis was a charter member of the first Nationalist
Club of Boston, and promoted Edward Bellamy's Nationalist creed in written
articles. The book was tranlsated into every major language including German,
Russian and Chinese. It influenced socialists worldwide, including those
countries in the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part):
65 million dead under the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; 49 million
under the Peoples' Republic of China; 21 million under the National Socialist
German Workers' Party.
The Bellamys were bigots, racists, and xenophobes and they obsessed
about immigrants coming into the USA. They wanted to government to
take over education and use schools to change everyone and try to make everyone
"equal." When the government granted their wish and began taking over schools,
the government schools imposed segregation by law and taught racism as official
government policy. It served as a horrid example for three decades leading
to the beginning of the National Socialist German Workers' Party and the
practice in the USA even outlasted the Party by more than 15 years. Congress
tried to change the pledge's straigtht-arm salute after the USA entered
WWII, however the salute did not immediately disappear, and the pledge, along
with laws mandating its chant daily in government schools, is still a bizarre
feature of the the USA, shunned by every other country.
The Pledge was first published in the Youth's Companion Magazine in 1892.
Until the Magazine ceased to exist in 1929, it promoted the Pledge of Allegiance.
The Youth's Companion (1827-1929) was a popular American children's magazine.
Nathaniel Wills and Asa Rand were its first publishers. They stated that
it was created to encourage "virtue and piety, and... warn against the ways
of transgression." Its sales peak in the 1893's, and it began to target
adults as well as children. Its early issues were centered around religion.
When its circulation increased one-hundredfold in the 1890s, it added more
entertainment. It had a children's section, which included short poems and
puzzles, and a medical column for older readers. The Youth's Companion did
not mention drugs or alcohol. The Companion was published for over one hundred
years until it finally merged with American Boy in 1929.
When Francis Bellamy (author of the Pledge) wrote "liberty and justice
for all" he meant the "liberty" to have government schools impose prayer
and Bible reading and worship (which they did), and the "justice" of Christian
Socialism that Bellamy touted in his dogma. Francis was a leader in the Society
of Christian Socialists and that is what government schools did as he advocated
the government takeover of all schools.
When Bellamy said later that his Pledge "....began as an intensive communing
with salient points of our national history, from the Declaration of Independence
onwards; with the makings of the Constitution...with the meaning of the Civil
War; with the aspiration of the people..." he meant that his Christian Socialism
dogma was one of the "salient points of our national history" and "the aspirations
of the people."
The original Pledge was part of a larger Pledge program that Bellamy authored
and that program (in the original Youth's Companion article) was replete with
religious references including the phrase "under God." http://rexcurry.net/pledgespeech.html
Socialists in the USA originated the Nazi salute, mechanical group-chanting
to flags, Nazism, flag fetishism, and the modern swastika as "S" symbolism
for "Socialism." http://rexcurry.net/pledge2.html
Those historical facts explain the enormous size and scope of government
today, and the USA's growing police state. They are reasons for massive reductions
in government, taxation, spending and socialism.
The "Nazi salute" is more accurately called the "American salute" as it
was created and popularized by national socialists in the USA. It was the
early salute of the Pledge of Allegiance. The Pledge was written by Francis
Bellamy. http://rexcurry.net/pledgetragedy.html Francis Bellamy was cousin
and cohort of Edward Bellamy. http://rexcurry.net/pledgebackward.html Edward
Bellamy and Francis Bellamy were self-proclaimed socialists in the Nationalism
movement and they promoted military socialism.
They wanted the government to take over education and use it to spread
their worship of government. When the government granted their wish, the
government’s schools imposed segregation by law and taught racism as official
policy. The official racism and segregation was a bad example three decades
before the National Socialist German Workers Party, and decades afterward.
The Pledge was mandated by law in government schools for three decades
before, and through, the creation of the National Socialist German Workers'
Many people do not know that the term "Nazi" means "National Socialist
German Workers' Party." Members of the horrid group did not call themselves
Nazis. In that sense, there was no Nazi Party. They also did not call themselves
Fascists. They called themselves socialists, just as their name indicates.