In 1898 the New York state legislature was the first in
the nation to pass a statute forcing children in government schools
to robotically chant the socialist's pledge. In 1905, as many as 19
States had passed school flag laws. To this very day New York
still has a law forcing teachers to lead a recitation of the socialist
pledge in socialist schools (government schools). Many of those
laws are cited at the end of this article.
As an attorney, Dr. Rex Curry is asked about the Pledge
of Allegiance court case (Newdow) and whether anyone must recite
the Pledge (answer: No). But an even more interesting case than
Newdow also headed for the U.S. Supreme Court. United
States v Wonschik argued that judges should not lead jurors in
reciting the Pledge. http://rexcurry.net/pledge4.html
U.S. v Wonschik argued that if jurors feel that
they are forced to recite the Pledge, then criminal defendants are
denied a fair trial due to the appearance that the Judge favors the
That argument is bolstered by the fact that jurors today
are mostly from government schools, and some states led jurors to
robotically chant the pledge en masse and on cue from the government
daily for their entire educations. Even more frightening is that the
original Pledge used a salute that was like the National Socialist German
Workers’ Party salute. Eye-popping historic photos are at http://rexcurry.net/pledge2.html
Today, most jurors are from government schools, and that
was not the case historically in the U.S., where education is not
mentioned in the constitution. The government was socializing
schools when the Pledge was created, and one purpose of the original
Pledge event was to push government schools, to replace all of the better
Jurors were taught by the government that they are required
to render verdicts of guilty based on evidence in cases where many
people believe that jurors should always render verdicts of acquittal
regardless of the evidence (medical marijuana, gambling, vices, prostitution,
drugs, gun possession, and all non-violent consensual activity that
is criminalized) - cases that should not involve criminal charges
at all. Government schools never teach jurors about
nullification and jury pardon (the power jurors have to acquit regardless
of the law and in rejection of the law).
A Pledge of Allegiance in a courtroom merely reaffirms
the non-libertarian indoctrination that most jurors have received
all of their lives in government schools.
Allegiance refers to a "liege" and that is a noun referencing
"a feudal lord entitled to allegiance and service." As an adjective
it means "owing primary allegiance and service to a feudal lord." It
originally referred to barbarians allowed to settle on Roman land.
The liege can also be the the feudal vassal or subject.
The Pledge of Allegiance is a submission by individual
Americans to their leiges, acknowledging each elected politician
as that American's liege, to whom that American individual must submit
under modern feudalism and the USA's growing police state. It
is a modern manner for each American to address every elected politician
as "my liege."
In 1942, after the USA entered the war against Germany,
the salute changed from the stiff-arm salute to the hand-over-the-heart.
The change was form over substance. Children in some government
schools (socialist schools) were taught that, henceforth, placing
the right hand over the heart would replace the previous blind obedience
represented by the old stiff-arm salute used by German National Socialists
that the children were forced to perform in the past. At that time,
they were still expelled and persecuted for refusing to participate, even
with the "new and improved" ritual.
Jehovah’s Witnesses, for example, saw saluting the flag
as a violation of the Biblical injunction in Exodus 20:4-5 not to
take any idols or graven images. As one young Jehovah’s Witness wrote
to the Court, “I love my country, but I love my God more.”
Back in 1988, after Democrat-socialist Dukakis and Republican-socialist
Bush acquired their parties’ presidential nominations, Bush began complaining
loudly, and to great effect, that Dukakis was against the Pledge of Allegiance.
He almost never failed to bring up the subject on the stump.
As governor, Dukakis had asked for a court ruling on the constitutionality
of a bill passed by the Massachusetts legislature that would require teachers
to lead their students every day in the pledge. Some people are either
religiously or morally opposed to pledging allegiance to objects. The state
attorney general and the state Supreme Court determined the bill was unconstitutional,
citing a 1943 ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court. Dukakis vetoed it. So Bush
and his campaign used the opportunity for republican-socialists to promote
the socialist's pledge.
Previous to Flag Day, June 14, 1923 there were no national regulations
governing display of the United States Flag. It was on that date that the
National Flag Code was adopted by the National Flag Conference which was
attended by representatives of the Army and Navy which had evolved their
own procedures, and some 66 other national groups. This purpose of providing
guidance based on the Army and Navy procedures relating to display and associated
questions about the U.S. Flag was adopted by all organizations in attendance.
A few minor changes were made a year later during the Flag Day 1924
On June 22, 1942 Congress passed a joint resolution which was amended
on December 22, 1942 to become Public Law 829; Chapter 806, 77th Congress,
2nd session. There were rules for use and display of the flag (36
U.S.C. 173-178) as well as associated sections (36 U.S.C. 171) Conduct during
Playing of the National Anthem, (36 U.S.C. 172) the Pledge of Allegiance
to the Flag, and Manner of Delivery.
The change that occurred on June 22, 1942 retained that part of the "Bellamy
salute" that involved extending the arm toward the flag (although the gesture
was initiated with the hand over the heart, in place of the military salute).
In other words, the first thing that Congress did was ADOPT the raised-arm
gesture, and enshrine it in law as an official gesture of the USA (another
scary parallel to German National Socialism under Franklin Roosevelt). The
U.S. Flag Code was passed by a joint resolution in Congress, Public Law 829
(Chapter 806, 77th Congress, 2nd session). The code, inter alia, contained
the raised-arm salute (following the lead of the 1924 Flag Day conference).
Section 7, Pub.L. 77−623, 56 Stat. 380, Chap. 435, H.J.Res. 303, enacted
June 22, 1942. (WITH the Bellamy Salute) - "That the pledge of allegiance
to the flag, ‘‘I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America
and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation indivisible, with liberty
and justice for all’’, be rendered by standing with the right hand over
the heart; extending the right hand, palm upward, toward the flag at the
words ‘‘to the flag’’ and holding this position until the end, when the
hand drops to the side. However, civilians will always show full respect
to the flag when the pledge is given by merely standing at attention, men
removing the headdress. Persons in uniform shall render the military salute."
A later change dropped the extended arm gesture. Section 7, Pub.L. 77−829,
56 Stat. 1074, Chap. 806, H.J.Res. 359, enacted December 22, 1942. (WITHOUT
the Bellamy Salute) - "That the pledge of allegiance to the flag, ‘‘I pledge
allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the Republic
for which it stands, one Nation indivisible, with liberty and justice for
all’’, be rendered by standing with the right hand over the heart. However,
civilians will always show full respect to the flag when the pledge is given
by merely standing at attention, men removing the headdress. Persons in
uniform shall render the military salute."
Also see 4 U.S.C. Section 1-4 et seq.
Criminal penalties for desecration of the flag
were contained in Title 18 of the United States Code prior to 1989. The
Supreme Court decision in Texas v. Johnson (June 21, 1989), held the statute
unconstitutional. This statute was amended when the Flag Protection Act
of 1989 (Oct. 28, 1989) imposed a fine and/or up to I year in prison for
knowingly mutilating, defacing, physically defiling, maintaining on the
floor or trampling upon any flag of the United States. The Flag Protection
Act of 1989 was struck down by the Supreme Court decision, United States vs.
Eichman (June 11, 1990).
The Code states that the President of the United States can alter,
modify, repeal or prescribe additional rules regarding the Flag. No
federal agency has the authority to issue official regulations dictating
flag use for civilians or civic groups.
35 states attempt to accomplish what the Constitution forbids by
requiring teachers to "lead students” in the pledge on a daily basis.
Six other states “encourage” their schools to provide a daily recitation
to willing students. One state, Texas, requires not only a daily salute
to the American flag but also a separate salute to the flag of Texas.
Hawai‘i is one of only eleven states without a statute requiring
or encouraging a daily salute to the flag in public schools. Hawai‘i’s
Department of Education has no policy on the pledge. The decision is
left entirely to individual principals and teachers. The director for
civil rights compliance at the DOE, Tom Yamashita, emphasizes that teachers
who lead a daily recitation of the pledge are instructed to make it voluntary,
with no adverse impact on those who choose not to participate.
For other state laws requiring recitation of the pledge
of allegiance see
ALA. CODE §16-43 -5 (200 1);
ALASKA STAT. §14.03.130 (2000);
ARIZ. REV. STAT. §15-50 6 (2002 );
ARK. CODE §6-16-122 (2003);
CAL. EDUC. CODE §5272 0 (1989 );
COLO. REV. STAT. tit. 22, §22-1-106 (2003);
CONN. GEN. STAT. §10-23 0(c) (200 3);
DEL. CODE tit. 14, §4105 (2003);
FLA. STAT. ch. 1003 .44(1) (2 002);
GA. CODE §20-2-310(c)(1) (2001);
IDAHO CODE §33-1602(4) (2001);
105 ILL. COMP. STAT. 5/27-3 (2002);
IND. CODE §20-10 .1-4-2.5 (2 003);
KAN. STAT. §72-530 8 (2002);
KY. REV. STAT. §158.175 (2) (2001);
LA. REV. STAT. §17:2115(B) (2001);
MD. CODE EDUC. §7-105(c) (2001);
MASS. GEN. LAWS ch.71, §69 (2 003); The law requires
students say the pledge every morning.
It even imposes a $5 fine on teachers who
refuse or forget to lead the students for two weeks. It is another
reason not to be a teacher in government schools (socialist schools).
Betraying one's personal beliefs for the sake of conformity is considered
"setting a good example" for impressionable minds in a country meant
to value integrity and individualism."
But the law has been unenforced since 1977,
the year the current wording was passed, according to Kathleen LeBlanc,
a legal officer with the state Department of Education. That's because
forcing students, or teachers, to say the pledge violates a different
American institution: Freedom of Speech under the First Amendment of
the U.S. Constitution.
If students don't want to say the pledge,
they don't have to. They can sit quietly at their desks or, in some
schools, may continue their conversation over the rest of the class.
If a teacher doesn't want to say it, he doesn't have to. A student volunteer
can lead the pledge, or the principal can recite it over a loudspeaker.
All that Massachusetts public schools
have to provide is the opportunity to say the pledge daily.
How much kids learn about the pledge is
all at the discretion of their individual teachers.
TEX. EDUC. CODE §25.082
(2 003); The state of Texas has its own state pledge, too. In 2003,
the Legislature required all schools to pledge allegiance to the U.S.
and Texas flags and observe a moment of silence every morning at the beginning
of classes. Texas' state pledge started in 1933. That year is the year
that the National Socialist German Workers' Party followed a similar path
to dictatorship. It is also a good bet that the Texas pledge in 1933 used
the stiff-arm salute, as it was then the salute of the USA's national
pledge (from 1892), and it was the origin of the salute of the National
Socialist German Workers' Party, along with its chanting and robotic worship
of government. Its the state government's version of driving a huge pick-up
truck, Hummer, or tank. Can't we just let Texas secede? Or can't we
secede from Texas? Foreigners find the pledge fetish in the USA
interesting in a "you've got to be shitting me" sort of way.
If you have ever wondered why the Bushes are socialist nuts, read the following
and you might deduce that their mental health problems were deepened by
life in Texas -
Whilst spending time overseas people used to ask me about it, "do you
really salute a flag every morning?" After explaining it away as patriotism
most people left it at that. I can guarantee they went away thinking Americans
were a bunch of nutters.
I hadn't given those past conversations much thought until I reached Austin
- the state capital of Texas. Every day I substitute teach at a different
school; every day I stand up and say four flag salutes, the Pledge of Allegiance
in English, the Pledge of Allegiance in Spanish. Just when you think it is
safe to sit down, the classroom intercom or assembly leader chimes in with
the Texas Pledge.
Honour the Texas flag;
I pledge allegiance to thee,
Texas, one and indivisible
Then again in Spanish! It's about this time every morning I think of blowing
my brains out! Where are we again? I can't believe I am saying this nonsense.
To be honest, I can't bring myself to leave my hand over my heart whilst
the children are reciting the Texas Pledge. There ought to be laws against
From now on, if we capture a terrorist - I suggest we make them say four
flag salutes a day. That will surely break his will! from
"The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich" by William L. Shirer documented
the many ways in which the German Socialist government censored academics
and coerced teachers (though many were willing, as so
many are now):
“The Civil Service Act of 1937 required teachers to be ‘the executors
of the will of the party-supported State’ and to be ready ‘at any time
to defend without reservation the National Socialist State.’ An earlier
decree had classified them as civil servants and thus subject to the racial
laws. Jews, of course, were forbidden to teach. All teachers took an oath
to ‘be loyal and obedient to Adolf Hitler.’…
“As early as the autumn of 1933 some 960 of them, led by such luminaries
as Professor Sauerbruch, the surgeon, Heidegger, the existentialist philosopher,
and Pinder, the art historian, took a public vow to support Hitler and
the National Socialist regime.”
In the U.S., where the stiff-arm salute originated, laws compelled
teachers and students to mechanically chant to the flag with the salute
every morning on command. It had been a horrid example since 1892. That
was in government schools that imposed segregation by law and taught
racism as official policy.
WHY GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS ARE INCONSISTENT WITH LOGIC AND LIBERTY
High School Bans American Flag Sep 11, 2007 By
UPDATE: School Rescinds Ban On Flag Clothing (09/12/07)
SAMPSON COUNTY, N.C. – On the sixth anniversary of the Sept. 11
attacks, students at one high school were not allowed to wear clothes
with an American flag.
Under a new school rule, students at Hobbton High School are not
allowed to wear items with flags, from any country, including the United
The new rule stems from a controversy over students wearing shirts
bearing flags of other countries.
Gayle Langston said her daughter, Jessica, was told to remove her
Stars and Stripes t-shirt.
“Today she wanted to wear her shirt, and I had to tell her no,”
said Langston. “She didn't like it at all because I knew it would get
her in trouble. Of all days, 9/11, she could not wear her American Flag
The superintendent of schools in Sampson County calls the situation
unfortunate, but says educators didn’t want to be forced to pick and
choose which flags should be permissible.
A fan in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada writes: We recited the Lord's Prayer
in unison, aloud, as I recall. Sometimes O Canada was replaced, or
added to, by God Save the Queen and even The Maple Leaf Forever (a song whose
lyrics are hopelessly politically correct by modern Canadian standards).
If I'm not mistaken, it's left up to individual schools whether they want
to continue it. There's a school here in Edmonton called Alex Taylor
School which serves a multicultural student body, and they still recite the
Lord's Prayer. The only objections have come not from those of non-Christian
religions, but from liberal so-called "Christians."
I don't know what the situation is in some of the other areas of the country.
The educational system in Newfoundland was completely divided along denominational
lines until just a few years ago, but this was done away with after a referendum,
if I recall correctly (another example of constitutionally-guaranteed rights
done away with by the stroke of a pen). Quebec was so dominated by
the Roman Catholic church that there wasn't even a provincial dept. of education
there until 1964. Now the multicult forces are trying to eradicate
religious education from the schools there. You won't see a lot of Canadian
flags in Quebec, but you will see a lot of Quebec flags. O Canada,
by the way, was originally written in French, and I think that even in Ontario
when it was first sung in schools it was sung in French because English lyrics
hadn't yet been written--this is 100 years or so ago.
Every school that I know flies the flag outside, but I don't remember
any from my school days that had them in the classrooms. In my mom's
day the schools observed 2 minutes' silence on Nov. 11, before Remembrance
Day became a holiday. And I remember a few half-day holidays when
the Governor-General or a member of the royal family was in town.
We don't have colour guards at sports events the way they do in the U.S.,
although they still perform the national anthem(s) before sports events.
I think that's a practice that originated at baseball games in the U.S. during
WWI that noone had the good sense to stop when the war was over. The
Edmonton Symphony plays O Canada at the beginning of the first concert of
each new season. A big issue in this country recently has been CBC's
scrapping of the theme music for Hockey Night in Canada after 40 years, which
gives you an idea of our national priorities.
I remember a colour guard ceremony and the singing of O Canada in my church
a few years ago, but that was just because July 1 fell on a Sunday.
We don't have annual patriotic celebrations in churches as is often the case
in the U.S.
There was a bit of a kerfuffle in the House of Commons about 8 or 9 years
ago when the opposition tried to make an issue of the fact that individual
MPs weren't allowed to have flags on their desks in the House. Other
than the political junkies in Ottawa, I don't think anybody in the country
knew beforehand that this was the case, or cared.