The swastika, although an ancient symbol, was also used to
represent "S" letters joined for "socialism" under the National Socialist
German Workers Party (Nazis), similar to the alphabetical symbolism for
the SS Division, the SA, the NSV, and the VW logo (the letters "V" and "W"
joined for "Volkswagen"). http://rexcurry.net/bookchapter4a1a2a1.html
Oppose the National Socialist German Workers'
Party and its socialist legacies that exist in today's government.
For more information regarding Nazi policies in the USA see http://rexcurry.net/police-state.html
A lot of fascinating research examines Rome, and myths about Rome.
Some researchers examine the influence of Rome (and myths in film and
modern media) upon American government and society, and they fear the totalitarian
system that led to Rome's downfall. Those worries have relevance today
in the enormous size and scope of government in the USA and its growing police
Classical studies have gained some amazing recent discoveries. Recently,
the noted Roman historian Dr. Rex Curry debunked the so-called "ancient
Roman salute" http://rexcurry.net/roman_salute_roman_salute_roman_salute.jpg
Roman Salutes from ancient Rome are a myth. The straight-arm salute later
used by the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSGWP) did not
exist in ancient Rome. It originated in the USA's early Pledge of Allegiance
Philologist Curry showed that the USA's early pledge of allegiance
to the flag used a straight-arm salute and it was the source of the salute
of the monstrous German National Socialists. The "ancient Roman salute"
is a modern myth that grew during and after the lives of Edward Bellamy
(1850-1898) and Francis Bellamy (1855-1931). The myth is still repeated
in efforts to cover-up Dr. Curry's ground-breaking work. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html
Information from the American Philological Association (APA) supports
Dr. Rex Curry's work. The American Philological Association (APA), founded
in 1869 by "professors, friends, and patrons of linguistic science,"
is now the principal learned society in North America for the study of
ancient Greek and Roman languages, literatures, and civilizations.
An abstract from the APA states that the raised-arm salute was used
in fictional Roman scenes in these films: the American "Ben-Hur" (1907),
the Italian "Nerone" (1908), "Spartaco" (1914), and "Cabiria" (1914).
Those scenes helped lead to the "Roman salute" myth. Dr. Curry's
amazing discovery developed after he showed that the APA abstract was
uninformed about the fact that the Pledge of Allegiance pre-dated all of
the films cited and that the pledge was the source of the salute used in
The abstract states, "Notable other examples of the salute, by now a standard
part of ancient iconography in the cinema, appear in Ben-Hur (1925)
and in Cecil B. DeMille’s Sign of the Cross (1932) and Cleopatra
(1934), although the execution of the gesture is still variable. Of particular
importance for the visual record are two films by Leni Riefenstahl, Triumph
of the Will (1935) and Olympia (1938). As is to be expected,
the former regularly features the salute; the latter shows [the leader
of the National Socialist German Workers' Party], German spectators and
officials in Berlin’s Olympic stadium, and several victorious German and
Italian athletes giving it. So do a number of athletic teams entering the
The book "Projecting the Past: Ancient Rome, Cinema and History" by Maria
Wyke also supports Dr. Curry's discovery. Here is a quote from the book
acknowledging that the salute was not from ancient Rome: "The supposed
'Roman' salute had given....an identity as the inheritor of Roman civic
virtues and imperial policy." (p 50)
Wyke's book has this remark about the widespread ignorance concerning
the myth, "Such an analysis of 'The Last Days of Pompeii' (1935) as willfully
turning the tradition of romanita against the very community which had
invented it is supported by a question that was posed to school students
in the educational guide that accompanied the release of the film. It reads:
"What form of salute was used by the Romans? In what countries are similar
salutes now demanded by the government?"
Although Wyke realized that the straight-arm salute was not from ancient
Rome, she did not know its origin. Although Wyke's quotation of
the questions concerned the 1935 version of the film, there was a 1913
version of the film also. Dr. Curry's work answered the both questions
thusly: the straight-arm salute was not used by the Romans, and other countries
with similar salutes demanded by the government (in 1935) included Germany,
Italy, and the United States (people in some parts of the U.S. had been
required to perform the salute from 1892 through 1942).
The leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party
was a film fan, and would specifically order American films to view.
Many books about philology mention the work of the German archaeologist
Heinrich Schliemann. In 1873, he excavated what he believed to be Troy.
Troy is a legendary city, described in the Iliad, one of the two epic
poems attributed to Homer and it influenced Rome.
Schleimann found examples of the swastika symbol during his exploration
of Troy, and his discovery later influenced the use of the symbol in the
NSGWP. Over a century after Schleimann’s work, there was another
discovery by Professor Curry: Although the swastika was an ancient symbol,
it was also used sometimes by the National Socialist German Workers’ Party
to represent meshed "S" letters for their "socialism." The leader of German
National Socialists turned the symbol 45 degrees to the horizontal and oriented
it to always point clockwise. Although it was an ancient symbol, was used
sometimes by the German National Socialists to represent overlapping S-shaped
figures for their "socialism." He altered his own signature to use the same
symbolism and similar alphabetic symbolism still shows on Volkswagens.
Similar to a Roman Standard, he put it on the national flag and turned it
into a military rallying point. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html
The symbol was used in a war worse than a thousand Trojan Wars.
In 1939, the National Socialist German Workers' Party joined with the Union
of Soviet Socialist Republics to invade Poland in a pact to divide up
Europe. The socialist philosophy had similarities to Rome in glorifying
the military, authoritarianism, slavery and conquest and it led to the
worst slaughter of humanity ever. How many people died in the Trojan
War? Few compared to the number killed in the socialist Wholecaust
(of which the Holocaust was a part): the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
(62 million dead), the Peoples' Republic of China (49 million dead), the
National Socialist German Workers' Party (21 million dead).
Many books attribute large Roman influence upon Germany and the
United States. One parallel between the three is that they both developed
large authoritarian governments. The present government in the USA is
anti libertarian and is out-socializing the previous administration by
more than double and growing (in social spending ALONE).
Another parallel between Germany and Rome is that they both persecuted
people who did not adopt the official dogma. Specific groups of people
were persecuted in Rome and Germany.
It helps to show how close the USA moved toward (and is still
moving toward) the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a
part). Many Americans serve as sad examples of how authoritarian governments
come into existence, grow so large, last so long, and kill so many. The
dogma of socialism and human sacrifice is still growing all over the world.
The USA still follows similar anti libertarian policies promoted
by the Bellamys. Many socialist Bellamy policies caused the USA’s big,
expensive and oppressive government and its growing police-state. It caused
the Great Socialist Depression (from the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the
Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act 1930 etc) that persisted and even lasted through
U.S. involvement in WWII. The Pledge still exists along with laws mandating
that teachers lead the robotic pledge chanting every day for twelve years
of each child’s life (though the salute was altered). The government still
owns and operates schools, including the same schools that imposed segregation
by law and taught racism as official government policy. The U.S. practice
of imposing segregation by law in government schools and teaching racism
as official policy even outlasted the National Socialist German Workers' Party
by over 15 years. After segregation in government's schools ended, the Bellamy
legacy caused more police-state racism of forced busing that destroyed communities
and neighborhoods and deepened hostilities. Those schools still exist.
Infants are given social security numbers (socialist slave numbers) that
track and tax them for life. Government schools demand the numbers
The original Pledge of Allegiance began with a military salute that
then stretched out toward the flag. Historic photographs are at http://rexcurry.net/pledge2.html
and at http://rexcurry.net/pledge_military.html
In actual use, the second part of the gesture was performed with a straight
arm and palm down by children extending the military salute while perfunctorily
performing the forced ritual chanting. Professor Curry showed that,
due to the way that both gestures were used sequentially in the pledge,
the military salute led to the hard, stylized salute of German socialists.
The Nazi salute is an extended military salute via the pledge. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html
Francis Bellamy (author of the "Pledge of Allegiance") and Edward
Bellamy (author of the novel "Looking Backward") and Charles Bellamy
(author of "A Moment of Madness") and Frederick Bellamy (who introduced
Edward to socialistic "Fourierism") were socialists. Edward, Charles
and Frederick were brothers, and Francis was their cousin. Francis and
Edward were both self-proclaimed National Socialists and they supported
the "Nationalism" movement in the USA, the "Nationalist" magazine, and
the "Nationalist Educational Association." They wanted to nationalize
everything and they wanted all of society to ape the military and they
touted "military socialism" and the "industrial army." Edward inspired
the "Nationalist Party" (in the USA) and their dogma influenced socialists
worldwide (including Germany) via “Nationalist Clubs.” http://rexcurry.net/bellamy-edward-german-connections.html
The Pledge was the origin of the Nazi salute. "Nazi" means "National
Socialist German Workers' Party." A mnemonic device is the swastika.
Although the swastika was an ancient symbol, Professor Curry discovered
that it was also used sometimes by German National Socialists to represent
"S" letters for their "socialism." Curry changed the way that people
view the symbol of the horrid National Socialist German Workers' Party.
Hitler altered his own signature to use the same stylized "S" letter for
"socialist" and similar alphabetic symbolism still shows on Volkswagens.
The Bellamys promoted a government takeover of schools. When
the government granted their wish, the government schools imposed segregation
by law and taught racism as official government policy. The schools
mandated the robotic chanting of the pledge with the Nazi-style salute
and persecuted and expelled children who would not comply, arrested parents,
and even took children from parents on allegations of "unfit parenting."
For civilians, the swastika symbol became the worship of government
and socialism. A bias of authors about Rome is that they use the misleading
term swastika when discussing the symbol found by Schleimann and used
by German socialists. Most people do not know that a cross was worshiped
as the notorious symbol of the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
The group called their symbol the Hakenkreuz, not the swastika. Hakenkreuz
means "hooked cross." It is one of the biggest cover-ups of all time.
Another big cover-up is in overuse of the hackneyed shorthand
term for the horrid National Socialist German Workers’ Party. Some
authors overuse the short word so much that it might cause one to wonder
if they know what the abbreviation abbreviates. They seem unaware
that Party members did not refer to themselves by the shorthand term,
but they referred to themselves as socialists.
In the book "Swastika the earliest known symbol and its migrations"
by Thomas Wilson (published in 1894 at page 771) Professor Max Muller
cautioned against the use of the term "swastika" and said "I do not like
the use of the word svastika outside of India. It is a word of Indian
origin and has its history and definite meaning in India. * * * The occurrence
of such crosses in different parts of the world may or may not point to
a common origin, but if they are once called Svastika the vulgus profanum
will at once jump to the conclusion that they all come from India, and it
will take some time to weed out such prejudice." Muller's prediction was
amazingly accurate, and it is amusing that he labeled so many people in the
world today as "vulgus profanum."
The USA still follows similar anti libertarian policies promoted
by the Bellamys. Many socialist Bellamy policies caused the USA’s big,
expensive and oppressive government and its growing police-state. The
Pledge still exists along with laws mandating that teachers lead the robotic
pledge chanting every day for twelve years of each child’s life (though
the salute was altered). The government still owns and operates schools,
including the same schools that imposed segregation by law and taught
racism as official government policy. The U.S. practice of imposing
segregation by law in government schools and teaching racism as official
policy even outlasted the National Socialist German Workers' Party by over
15 years. After segregation in government's schools ended, the Bellamy
legacy caused more police-state racism of forced busing that destroyed
communities and neighborhoods and deepened hostilities. Those schools
still exist. Infants are given social security numbers that track
and tax them for life. Government schools demand the numbers for
People who attended government schools in the USA are shocked
to learn of the new discoveries, and they have difficulty responding
in a rational manner. They are humiliated and embarrassed that they have
been kept ignorant by government schools and even lied to while being
led in robotic chanting for 12 years. The stereotypical response
involves a state of denial where the respondent can formulate no factual
dispute (a mental block-out of the factual history) and only childish insults
that evade the topic altogether. It shows how conditioned US citizens are
by the years of robotic chanting. Some US citizens are not able to
face the reality of the history of the pledge. The pledge has become an
example of how dangerous government schools are. The pledge is a primary
justification for ending government schools. As the saying goes "remove
the pledge from the flag, the flag from the schools, and the schools from
1. the study of literary texts and of written
records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form,
and the determination of their meaning.
2. (esp. in older use) linguistics, esp. historical
and comparative linguistics.
3. Obsolete. the love of learning and literature.
[Origin: 1350–1400; ME philologie < L philologia < Gk philología
love of learning and literature, equiv. to philólog(os) literary,
studious, argumentative + -ia -y3. See philo-, -logy]
phi‧lol‧o‧gist, phi‧lol‧o‧ger, noun
Nevertheless, he has provided each of us with an individual guardian
deity, which stays by our side and is in charge of looking after us - a guardian
who never sleeps and is impossible to distract. (...) Whenever you close
your doors and turn out your lights, remember, never say to yourself that
you are alone; you're not. God is inside and so is your private deity; and
neither of them requires light to watch you by.
'This is the diety who deserves your pledge of allegiance,
as soldiers swear before Caesar. (...)
'What is that oath? You swear that under no circumstances will you disobey,
press charges, or find fault with God or his gifts. You won't shrink from
life's essential tasks or trials. Can anyone seriously compare the soldier's
oath with ours? They swear to honor no one more than Caesar; we swear to
honor no one more than ourselves.' Discourses and Selected Writings, Book
1:14 the writings of Arrian concerning his teacher Epictetus.