HAKENKREUZ - SWASTIKA : HOW IT CAME
TO BE CALLED SWASTIKA
Image at http://rexcurry.net/fascism-third-reich-hitler-nazism-swastika456.jpg
and Symbologist Dr. Rex Curry http://rexcurry.net/rex-curry.jpg
Image at http://rexcurry.net/fascism-third-reich-hitler-nazism-swastika456.jpg
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) supports Dr. Rex Curry's discovery
that the swastika was used by the Nazi Party to symbolize meshed "S" letters
for "socialism." Dr. Curry's work has been announced and verified on Wikipedia.
Dr. Curry showed that the swastika, although an ancient symbol, was
used sometimes by the National Socialist German Workers Party as alphabetic
symbolism for their "socialism," as shown in the book "Swastika Secrets."
The same symbolism is shown in Hitler’s own bizarre signature, which
Hitler altered to use the same stylized "S" letter for "socialist"; in the
fact that the NSGWP's symbol was turned 45 degrees to the horizontal and
oriented in the S direction; and in similar alphabetic symbolism that still
shows on Volkswagens. http://rexcurry.net/bookchapter4a1a2a.html
German National Socialists did not even refer to their symbol as a
"swastika." The OED has no example of Hitler nor any German National
Socialist using the term "swastika."
German National Socialists used the term "Hakenkreuz." The oldest
OED reference for the symbol of the National Socialist German Workers’
Party is “Hakenkreuz,” not “swastika.” That is to be distinguished
from OED references for other general uses of "swastika" that are not in
the context of referring to the symbol of the National Socialist German
The earliest OED reference for "Hakenkreuz" is a 1931 use in the Times
(23 Dec. 7/4 A large Nazi Hakenkreuz flag, ‘which can be seen for miles’,
flies from the tallest chimney). The next reference is in 1935 (C. ISHERWOOD
Mr. Norris changes Trains xi. 165 Hitler's negotiations with the Right had
broken down; the Hakenkreuz was even flirting mildly with the Hammer and
The earliest OED reference for "Swastika" in the context of the symbol
of the National Socialist German Workers' Party is a 1932 reference (‘NORDICUS’
Hitlerism ii. 17 Thousands flocked to his standard -the ‘Hakenkreuz’-(swastika)....."
It is interesting to note that the OED reference from Nordicus shows an
example of the word "Hakenkreuz" being translated to "swastika."
The common translation of "Hakenkreuz" to "swastika" led to the "swastika
myth," the common mis-belief that German National Socialists called their
symbol a "swastika" and used their symbol merely as a "good luck" symbol,
as suggested by the ancient sanskrit language.
The swastika myth is only one of many reasons why the "S" for "socialism"
symbolism of the Hakenkreuz was overlooked before the discoveries made
by Dr. Rex Curry. There is widespread ignorance about what "Nazi" means.
Most people do not know that the "Nazis" did not call themselves
"Nazis." There is widespread ignorance of the actual name of the
Party (the National Socialist German Workers' Party). Most people do not
know that members of the party referred to themselves as socialists and
used the word "socialism" when extolling their dogma.
Image at http://rexcurry.net/fascism-third-reich-hitler-nazism-swastika456.jpg
The OED helps to expose how that ignorance began and how it spread.
"Hakenkreuz" is in Adelung's dictionary (of German words) of 1811, and
"Swastika" is not. Adelung's reference of 1811 for “Hakenkreuz” predates
the "swastika" reference of 1871 in the Oxford English Dictionary (OED)
by 60 years. http://rexcurry.net/bookchapter4a1a1.html
A vague understanding of the double "S" symbolism for "socialism" in the
twisted Hakenkreuz is revealed in the very choice of the word "swastika" as
a substitute for "Hakenkreuz" because "swastika" repeats the double "S" lettering
and sounds that are graphically illustrated in the written socialist swastika
as used under the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
The information also helps explain widespread ignorance about mutual
influences between German National Socialists and American National Socialists.
Francis Bellamy (author of the "Pledge of Allegiance") and Edward Bellamy
(author of the novel "Looking Backward") and Charles Bellamy (author of
"A Moment of Madness") and Frederick Bellamy (who introduced Edward to socialistic
"Fourierism") were socialists. Edward, Charles and Frederick were
brothers, and Francis was their cousin. Francis and Edward were both self-proclaimed
National Socialists and they supported the "Nationalism" movement in the
USA, the "Nationalist" magazine, and the "Nationalist Educational Association."
They wanted to nationalize everything and they wanted all of society to
ape the military and they touted "military socialism" and the "industrial
army." Edward’s book was an international bestseller, translated into
every major language (including German) and he inspired the "Nationalist
Party" (in the USA) and their dogma influenced socialists worldwide (including
Germany) via “Nationalist Clubs.” http://rexcurry.net/bellamy-edward-german-connections.html
Francis' pledge was the origin of the Nazi salute.
The original Pledge of Allegiance began with a military salute that
then stretched out toward the flag. Historic photographs are at http://rexcurry.net/pledge2.html
and at http://rexcurry.net/pledge_military.html
In actual use, the second part of the gesture was performed with a straight
arm and palm down by children extending the military salute while perfunctorily
performing the forced ritual chanting. Professor Curry showed that,
due to the way that both gestures were used sequentially in the pledge,
the military salute led to the hard, stylized salute of German socialists.
The Nazi salute is an extended military salute via the pledge. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html
The Bellamys promoted a government takeover of schools. When the
government granted their wish, the government schools imposed segregation
by law and taught racism as official government policy. The schools
mandated the robotic chanting of the pledge with the Nazi-style salute and
persecuted and expelled children who would not comply, arrested parents,
and even took children from parents on allegations of "unfit parenting."
The USA still follows similar anti libertarian policies promoted by
the Bellamys. Many socialist Bellamy policies caused the USA’s big, expensive
and oppressive government and its growing police-state. The Pledge still
exists along with laws mandating that teachers lead the robotic pledge chanting
every day for twelve years of each child’s life (though the salute was altered).
The government still owns and operates schools, including the same schools
that imposed segregation by law and taught racism as official government
policy. The U.S. practice of imposing segregation by law in government
schools and teaching racism as official policy even outlasted the National
Socialist German Workers' Party by over 15 years. After segregation in government's
schools ended, the Bellamy legacy caused more police-state racism of forced
busing that destroyed communities and neighborhoods and deepened hostilities.
Those schools still exist. Infants are given social security numbers
that track and tax them for life. Government schools demand the numbers
People who attended government schools in the USA are shocked to learn
of the new discoveries, and they have difficulty responding in a rational
manner. They are humiliated and embarrassed that they have been kept ignorant
by government schools and even lied to while being led in robotic chanting
for 12 years. The stereotypical response involves a state of
denial where the respondent can formulate no factual dispute (a mental block-out
of the factual history) and only childish insults that evade the topic altogether.
It shows how conditioned US citizens are by the years of robotic chanting.
Some US citizens are not able to face the reality of the history
of the pledge. The pledge has become an example of how dangerous government
schools are. The pledge is a primary justification for ending government
schools. As the saying goes "remove the pledge from the flag, the
flag from the schools, and the schools from government."
More support comes from a fan of RexCurry.net
who writes: "British propaganda of WWII that I’ve read used 'crooked cross.'
"Hakenkreuz" is in Adelung's dictionary (of German words) of 1811,
and "Swastika" is not. Adelung's reference of 1811 for “Hakenkreuz”
predates the "swastika" reference of 1871 in the Oxford English Dictionary
(OED) by 60 years. The OED also lists “hakenkreuz” as an English word
used in the Times in 1931.
Another reader writes to Dr. Rex Curry: "To judge from the OED, we
didn't have a single widely-known term for the symbol in the early 1930's
when, suddenly, every newspaper needed one. The OED indicates that for
a while, the newspapers imported 'Hakenkreuz.' It would be interesting
to know how 'swastika' became the usual name. It seems that Germans didn't
have anything to do with it."
Here's what the Oxford English Dictionary has for fylfot, cramponnee and
gammadion and hakenkreuz (the German name of the swastika). In French the
common name is "croix gammee". The word fylfot has an interesting story,
since it appears only once before the 19th c., and was resurrected by "antiquaries".
fylfot . [The sole authority on which this word has been accepted by
modern antiquaries as the name of the mark in question is the passage from the
Lansdowne MS. quoted below. The context in which the word there occurs seems
to favour the supposition that it is simply fill-foot, meaning a pattern or
device for `filling the foot' of a painted window. There is nothing to show
whether the word denoted specifically this device as distinguished from others
used for the same purpose, and it is even possible that it may have been a mere
nonce-word.] A name for the figure called also a cross cramponnee (see
cramponnee), and identical with the swastika of India, the gammadion of
Byzantine ecclesiastical ornament; it has been extensively used as a decoration
(often, apparently, as a mystical symbol) in almost all known parts of the
world from prehistoric times to the present day. Also fylfot cross.
A. 1500 _Instruct. Memorial Wind._ in _MS. Lansdowne_ 874 lf. 190 Let me stand
in the medyll pane..a rolle abo[ve my hede] in the hyest..[pane] vpward, the
fylfot in the nedermast pane vnder ther I knele. [The words defaced or torn
off are supplied conjecturally. In the sketch, below the effigy of the writer,
is a `fylfot' composed of broad fillets, with tricking app. intended for
`ermine'.] 1842 J. G. _Waller Brasses_, Priest & Franklin, This device is
denominated `the fylfot' on the authority of some ancient directions for the
execution of two figures in painted glass..preserved in Lansdowne MS. 874. 1852
Planche _Pursuiv. Arms_ 135 The Fylfot is a mystic figure, called in the
Greek Church, Gammadion. It is very early seen in Heraldry. 1861 Haines _Mon.
Brasses_ p. cix, The Fylfot, a kind of cross potent rebated, or cross
cramponee.. 1868 Baring-Gould _Curious Myths_ Ser. ii. iii. 89 Bells were
often marked with the `fylfot', or cross of Thorr. 1887 _Athenaeum_ 20 Aug.
249/2 It comprises a fylfot cross set with studs.
cramponnee , a. Her. [a. Fr. cramponne', cramponed: see prec.] Said of
a cross having a square hook-like bend at the end of each limb, all turned
1727 Bailey (Vol. II.) s.v., A Cross Cramponnee..has a Cramp at each end,
or a square Piece coming from it, that from the Arm in chief towards the
gammadion . Also gammation. [a. late Gr. gammation, gammadion,
f. gamma.] A decorative pattern formed of repetitions or combinations of
the shape of the Greek letter gamma (Gamma.); by antiquaries applied chiefly
to the particular device called otherwise fylfot; also to a figure composed of
four gammas placed back to back in such a way as to form a voided Greek cross.
1848 B. Webb _Cont. Ecclesiol._ 432 Apostles with gammadoe [sic] on their robes.
1872 _Gloss. Eccl. Terms_ (ed. Shipley), Gammadion, the same as Gammadium or
Fylfot. 1876 Rock Text. Fabr. v. 36 This word Gammadion was a word applied as
often to the patterns on silks as to the figures wrought on gold and silver.
1877 Lee Gloss. _Liturg. & Eccl. Terms_, Fylfot..was also called Gammation..the
Greek term for this mystical device. 1889 Elvin _Dict. Heraldry_, Gammadion, a
Cross potent rebated. attrib. 1869 Mrs. Palliser Lace ii. 19 Two specimens
of..network..the one ornamented with..shields and crosses, the other with the
mediaeval gammadion pattern.
Hakenkreuz, hakenkreuz . [Ger.] The Nazi swastika. Also attrib.
1931 _Times_ 23 Dec. 7/4 A large Nazi Hakenkreuz flag, `which can be seen for
miles', flies from the tallest chimney. 1935 C. Isherwood _Mr. Norris changes
Trains_ xi. 165 Hitler's negotiations with the Right had broken down; the
Hakenkreuz was even flirting mildly with the Hammer and Sickle. 1966 M. Albrand
_Door fell Shut_ xvi. 115 His eyes fell on a large hakenkreuz. To come upon the
Nazi insignia so unexpectedly made Bronsky feel slightly sick. 1972 _Oxford
Times_ 28 July 9 Perhaps he [sc. Hitler] hoped the Hakenkreuz would bring bad
luck to his enemies.
The Swastika was used in Germany's flag under the National Socialist German
Workers' Party, to emphasize the supposed superiority of German socialists/socialism
over other socialists/socialism, and became a controversial symbol since
then. In the Western world, it is most widely known and used as a symbol
of German Socialism.
HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE VULGUS PROFANUM?
Interest in the swastika / hakenkreuz grew when the ruins of ancient
Troy were uncovered by German archaeologists in the mid-19th century.
The following is from the book “Swastika the earliest known symbol
and its migrations” by Thomas Wilson and published in 1894 (at page 771)
“Dr. Schliemann found many specimens of Swastika in his excavations
at the site of ancient Troy on the hill of Hissarlik. They were mostly
on spindle whorls, and will be described in due course. He appealed
to Prof. Max Muller for an explanation, who, in reply, wrote an elaborate
description, which Dr. Schliemann published in ‘Ilios.’
He commences with a protest against the word Swastika being applied
generally to the sign Swastika, because it may prejudice the reader or
the public in favor of its Indian origin. He says:
‘I do not like the use of the word svastika outside of India.
It is a word of Indian origin and has its history and definite meaning in
India. * * * The occurrence of such crosses in different parts of the world
may or may not point to a common origin, but if they are once called Svastika
the vulgus profanum will at once jump to the conclusion that they all come
from India, and it will take some time to weed out such prejudice.’ ”
Muller's prediction was amazingly accurate, and he labeled so many
people in the world today as "vulgus profanum." It is translated
as "uneducated masses" and that is why a more literal translation is "vulgar
Translators changed “hakenkreuz” to “swastika.” Who was the first
bad translator and why did others repeat the misrepresentation? This
website is researching.
"Swastika" translators might have wanted the National Socialist
German Workers' Party to stain a foreign symbol rather than their own. "Hakenkreuz"
is a reference to a cross. http://rexcurry.net/swastikacross.html
The cross reference might have been a reminder that in ancient times
it was for torture and execution. The Nazi Hakenkreuz was used in the
persecution of people for various reasons, including religious differences.
It came to represent the socialist sins of the Nazis.
The Nazi Hackenkreuz combined the German-Prussian Iron Cross
(Ritterkreuz -"rider cross" or "Knight's Cross") with the pre-Nazi Hackenkreuz
to form new overlapping "S" shapes for the "socialist" dogma of the horrid
Military medals and pre-1945 posters show the relationship to other
The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) also supports Dr. Rex Curry's discovery
that the Nazi salute originated in the United States.
Amazon.com is following policy recommendations that are advocated by
Dr. Rex Curry. Amazon's web site deletes and discourages use of the common
4-letter shorthand n-word for "National Socialist German Workers' Party"
within Amazon's reviews, product information, tags and other uses.
By fighting the shorthand term, Amazon encourages customers to learn and
to use the actual accurate name of the monstrous group: National Socialist
German Workers' Party (NSGWP). http://rexcurry.net/amazon-com-book-reviews-tags-discussions.html
For a long time, Dr. Curry has exposed widespread ignorance in the
media and in the general public about what the 4-letter abbreviation abbreviates.
That etymological ignorance has grown through overuse of the hackneyed
shorthand term in print and in government schools (socialist schools).
Dr. Curry has advocated that the shorthand term should be avoided, unless
it is used in conjunction with the full actual name of the Party. Amazon
is helping Dr. Curry to reverse the ignorant habit within the media and
Dr. Curry's work has been recognized in the vexillological group Flags
Of The World (FOTW) http://rexcurry.net/fotw-flags-of-the-world-vexillology.html
And also in the North American Vexillological Association (NAVA) http://rexcurry.net/north-american-vexillological-association-nava.html
Dr. Curry's news-making work is discussed on Odeo Radio at http://odeo.com/audio/1747108/view
And also on Radio Indymedia at http://radio.indymedia.org/news/2006/08/10827.php
And also covered at Opinion Editorials at http://www.opinioneditorials.com/writer.php?id=rcurry
With more at OpinionEditorials at http://www.opinioneditorials.com/guestcontributors/rcurry_20050826.html