SALUTE & PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE FROM FRANCIS BELLAMY
The ancient Roman salute is a myth, but it is a term sometimes used to describe
a gesture in which the arm is held out forward straight, with palm down,
usually pointing at an object (e.g. a flag) or a person (e.g. a government
official). Sometimes the arm is raised upward at an angle, sometimes it is
held out parallel to the ground. Despite the gesture's name, the Romans never
used it. http://rexcurry.net/roman-salute-francis-bellamy-pledge-of-allegiance.html
There is no evidence that the salute was ever used in the Roman Republic.
Indeed it is not known whether salutes as military courtesy existed at all
in Roman culture. The Roman term "salute" did not have the same meaning as
the modern term.
The straight-arm salute originated in the Pledge of Allegiance (1892)
that was written for the flag of the United States, as first exposed by
the historian Dr. Rex Curry.
See the video documentary http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NsZxRPdDQHo
There are various ways that the raised-arm gesture of the early pledge became
mistakenly called a "Roman salute" including: early silent movies (all created
well after the Pledge spread) used the pledge gesture in fictional Roman scenes;
[[Francis Bellamy]], author of the pledge, was from Rome, New York and he
referenced Rome in the original pledge ceremony, and people from Rome, New
York, were and are sometimes referred to as "Romans." http://rexcurry.net/roman_salute_roman_salute_roman_salute.jpg
The myth spread and confused persons who had heard the myth and who had
adopted the myth would imagine that the salute was being portrayed in old
paintings or statutes which depicted any human with his right arm raised
in any manner, whether it was in a classical painting, or any work of art.
The straight-arm salute debuted on September 7, 1892, the date the Pledge
of Allegiance was published in the magazine Youth's Companion. The pledge
started with a common military salute that was held for the phrase “I pledge
allegiance” and then the hand was extended outward toward the flag.
In actual use, the second part of the gesture was performed with a straight
arm and palm down by children extending the military salute while perfunctorily
performing the forced ritual chanting. Photographs confirm it and that
is why such photographs are never shown in schools, in the media, in court
decisions, and are difficult to find. Due to the way that both gestures
were used sequentially in the pledge, the military salute led to the salute
of the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSGWP), as discovered by
the Professor Curry. The NSGWP salute is an extended military salute
via the pledge. Shocking historic photographs of the early Pledge salute are
suppressed and rare but can be found on the web. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html
Francis landed the job at the Youth's Companion after he was forced out
of the ministry because he used it as a pulpit for his "Christian Socialism"
theology. After leaving the ministry, Francis continued to push his
plans, but switched to using the government and government schools as a mandatory
method to promote his ideas.
Francis also influenced his cousin [[Edward Bellamy]], the author of the
famous socialist utopian novel Looking Backward (1888). Both Bellamys espoused
Christian Socialism. According to Erich Fromm, Edward Bellamy's book Looking
Backward 2000-1887 is "...is one of the few books ever published that
created almost immediately on its appearance a political mass movement."
(Fromm, p vi). It was the third largest bestseller of its time. It influenced
a large number of intellectuals, and appears by title in many of the major
Marxist writings of the day. "Nationalism Clubs" sprang up all over the
United States and worldwide for discussing and propagating the book's ideas.
Francis was a charter member of the first Nationalist Club of Boston, and
promoted Edward Bellamy's Nationalist creed in written articles. The book
was tranlsated into every major language including German, Russian and Chinese.
It influenced socialists worldwide, including those countries in the socialist
Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): 65 million dead under the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics; 49 million under the Peoples' Republic
of China; 21 million under the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
The people who hired Bellamy at the Youth’s Companion and who gave him
his pledge assignment were familiar with, and embraced, Bellamy's "Christian
socialism." Francis had written and worked for his theology openly
before then. In addition, Francis and Edward had been openly involved
in the national socialism movement and the "Nationalist" magazine, published
by the "Nationalist Educational Association."
The Pledge and its salute was a small part of a larger Columbus Day celebration
with a flag raising ceremony. The Bellamys adored the military and they
wanted the entire economy to be nationalized and emulate the military. They
also called their dogma “military socialism” and they wanted government
to take over all schools in order to create the “industrial army” from schoolchildren
and spread their vision. The Pledge of Allegiance fit with that vision and
Francis was pleased to adopt his co-worker’s suggestion that the pledge
should have as its initial gesture the military salute.
The pledge became widespread in government schools, and many people were
persecuted for refusing to chant the Bellamy pledge and for refusing to
give Bellamy's straight-arm salute to the national flag. That was
the national flag of the USA and of Germany. It was happening in the USA
(to the stars and stripes) and in Germany (to the swastika flag) at the
same time. Some of the people who refused to chant and salute were
religious people who considered the act sacrilegious. They were good reasons
to consider the pledge and the salute to be the sacrilegious worship of
government. Most people do not know that a cross was worshiped as the notorious
symbol of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. The group called
their symbol the Hakenkreuz, not the swastika. Hakenkreuz means "hooked
cross." Although the swastika was an ancient symbol, Professor Rex Curry
discovered that it was also used sometimes by German National Socialists
to represent "S" letters for their "socialism." With a 45 degree turn
of his Hakenkreuz, the leader of German National Socialists combined the
cross with collectivism, merged church and state, meshed religion and socialism,
and mandated the worship of government. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html
The Bellamys were bigots, racists, and xenophobes and they obsessed about
immigrants coming into the USA. They wanted to government to take
over education and use schools to change everyone and try to make everyone
"equal." When the government granted their wish and began taking over schools,
the government schools imposed segregation by law and taught racism as official
government policy. It served as a horrid example for three decades leading
to the beginning of the National Socialist German Workers' Party and the
practice in the USA even outlasted the Party by more than 15 years. Congress
tried to change the pledge's straigtht-arm salute after the USA entered
WWII, however the salute did not immediately disappear, and the pledge,
along with laws mandating its chant daily in government schools, is still
a bizarre feature of the the USA, shunned by every other country.
The original pledge ceremony had expressed the Bellamy desire for the
government to take over the education of all children and to turn all schools
into government schools. The Youth's Companion Magazine aided the
Bellamy ideas by promoting a national flag over every government school and
that is why there are many laws today that require the federal flag to be
displayed in every classroom, along with a daily chanting of the pledge.
The Pledge was published in the September 8, 1892, issue of the magazine,
and immediately put to use in the upcoming Colombus Day campaign. Bellamy
went to speak to a national meeting of school superintendents in government
schools to promote the coming celebration; the convention liked the idea
and selected a committee of leading educators to implement the program, including
the immediate past president of the National Education Association. Bellamy
was selected as the chair and he received the official blessing of government