The swastika, although an ancient symbol,
was also used to represent "S" letters joined for "socialism" under the National
Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis), similar to the alphabetical symbolism
for the SS Division, the SA, the NSV, and the VW logo (the letters "V" and
"W" joined for "Volkswagen"). http://rexcurry.net/bookchapter4a1a2a1.html
Pledge of Allegiance was the origin of Adolf Hitler's "Nazi" salute under
the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazis). http://rexcurry.net/pledge7.html
A lot of research has been done concerning the work of Dr. Carl Jung.
Carl Gustav Jung (July 26, 1875 – June 6, 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist
and founder of analytical psychology. Dr. Carl Jung helped to start the
"Roman salute" myth that was later refuted by Dr. Rex Curry. Jung
popularized the salute myth.
In 1938, Dr. Jung made a reference to a "Roman salute" (see below
for more details) in "The Archetypes and The Collective Unconscious"
in the "The Collected Works of C.G. Jung," Volume 9, Part 1 (1934–1954).
Jung said: "If thirty years ago anyone had dared to predict that
our psychological development was tending towards a revival of the medieval
persecutions of the Jews, that Europe would again tremble before the Roman
fasces and the tramp of legions, that people would once more give the Roman
salute, as two thousand years ago, and that instead of the Christian Cross
an archaic swastika would lure onward millions of warriors ready for death
-- why, that man would have been hooted at as a mystical fool."
Dr. Curry showed that the "Roman salute" is a myth and that the
salute originated in the USA with the Pledge of Allegiance (to the flag).
Dr. Curry showed that the USA's early pledge used a straight-arm
salute and it was the origin of the salute of the National Socialist German
Workers' Party. The Oxford English Dictionary supports Dr. Curry's work.
Dr. Curry also exposed another inaccuracy in Dr. Jung's comment
"...that instead of the Christian Cross an archaic swastika would lure
onward millions of warriors ready for death..." Dr. Jung seems
unaware of the fact that the swastika, although an ancient symbol, was
given a modern variation because it was used sometimes by the National
Socialist German Workers Party to represent overlapping "S" letters for
its "socialism," a discovery made by Dr. Rex Curry.
Similar alphabetic symbolism was used for other political purposes
under German National Socialism during that time. The same symbolism is
shown in the bizarre signature of the National Socialist leader, which
he altered to use the same stylized S letter for socialist; he turned the
symbol 45 degrees to the horizontal and oriented it in the S direction; and
similar alphabetic symbolism was used for the SS Division and similar alphabetic
symbolism still shows on Volkswagens. http://rexcurry.net/bookchapter4a1a2a.html
Dr. Jung probably was aware that German National Socialists did
not use the term "swastika" and used the word "Hakenkreuz." Jung
probably used the German word in Jung's original composition, and the
quote in English is probably a poor translation to the word "swastika."
Most people do not know that a cross was worshiped as the notorious
symbol of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. Hakenkreuz means
"hooked cross." With a 45 degree turn of his Hakenkreuz, the leader of
German National Socialists combined the cross with collectivism, merged
church and state, meshed religion and socialism, and mandated the worship
of government. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html
Dr. Jung's quote is more thought-provoking if rewritten to state:
"...that instead of the Christian Cross an archaic hooked cross would
lure onward millions of warriors ready for death..."
The term "swastika" was a bad translation for "Hakenkreuz." Even
the UK and the USA also used the term "crooked cross" (and hooked cross,
armed cross, twisted cross, lucky cross) before "swastika" became dominant.
The eventual dominance of the term "swastika" might have occurred in part
as an effort to slander a foreign symbol, in an effort to distance the
cross from its association with German Christian Socialism.
A book by Charles Allen, The Search for Shangri-La: A Journey into
Tibetan History, states, "To the Swiss shaman-cum-psychophilosopher CarlJung the swastika was an archetypal symbol, a rotating mandala
that signified a `projection of an unconscious collective attempt at the
formation of a compensatory unified personality'. A conscious attempt by
the NationalSocialist Party to use the swastika to form the
'compensatory unified personality' of Germany in the 1920s has made this a
hateful symbol in many eyes."
The straight-arm salute originated in the USA's Pledge of Allegiance,
which was written by Francis Bellamy to promote Christian Socialism.
Francis Bellamy (author of the "Pledge of Allegiance") and Edward Bellamy
(author of the novel "Looking Backward") and Charles Bellamy (author
of "A Moment of Madness") and Frederick Bellamy (who introduced Edward
to socialistic "Fourierism") were socialists. Edward, Charles
and Frederick were brothers, and Francis was their cousin. Francis and
Edward were both self-proclaimed Christian Socialists and National Socialists
and they supported the "Nationalism" movement in the USA, the "Nationalist"
magazine, and the "Nationalist Educational Association." They wanted
all of society to ape the military and they touted "military socialism"
and the "industrial army." Edward inspired the "Nationalist Party"
(in the USA) and their dogma influenced socialists worldwide (including
Germany) via “Nationalist Clubs.” http://rexcurry.net/bellamy-edward-german-connections.html
Edward Bellamy was the author of "Looking Backward 2000-1887" an
international bestseller that was called the “Bible of National
Socialism.” Edward also authored "The Religion of Solidarity"
and other articles and books with similar ideas.
"Looking Backward" was so popular that it was translated into every
major language, including German, Russian, and Chinese. It immediately
inspired a supportive political movement with “Nationalism Clubs” worldwide.
The Bellamy dogma inspired socialists everywhere, including in the
countries of the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part):
~60 million slaughtered under the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics;
~50 million slaughtered under the Peoples’ Republic of China; ~20 million
slaughtered under the National Socialist German Workers’ Party.
The dogma and the pledge also inspired violence in the USA against
people who would not join in the worshipful chanting. Some perceptive
people back then were not ignoramuses and had not been taught propaganda
in government schools all of their lives. Religious children saw
through the socialist’s pledge and they refused robotic chanting because
it was the worship of government, socialism, and a graven image. The
government schools persecuted and expelled children who would not comply,
arrested parents, and even took children from parents on allegations of "unfit
parenting." There were acts of grotesque violence inspired by the
pledge against people who would not join in the robotic chanting.
The original Pledge began with a military salute that then stretched
out toward the flag. Historic photographs are at http://rexcurry.net/pledge2.html
and at http://rexcurry.net/pledge_military.html
In actual use, the second part of the gesture was performed with a straight
arm and palm down by children extending the military salute while perfunctorily
performing the forced ritual chanting. Professor Curry showed that,
due to the way that both gestures were used sequentially in the pledge,
the military salute led to the Nazi salute. The Nazi salute is an extended
military salute via the pledge. http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html
It is a myth that the straight-arm salute is an old Roman salute
adopted by Mussolini. According to Martin Winkler in "The Roman
Salute on Film" of the American Philological Association, the salute is
not in any Roman art or text. The salute occurs in these films: the
American "Ben-Hur" (1907), the Italian "Nerone" (1908), "Spartaco" (1914),
and "Cabiria" (1914).
In imitation of such films, self-styled Italian "Consul" Gabriele
D 'Annunzio borrowed the salute as a propaganda tool for his political
ambitions upon his occupation of Fiume in 1919. Earlier, D'Annunzio
had worked with Giovanni Pastrone in his colossal epic Cabiria (1914).
Mussolini worked with D'Annunzio.
Winkler didn't know about the original U.S. flag salute (1892) that
inspired the films. Dr. Curry advised him of that fact.
The myth's use is expanding in efforts to cover up Dr. Curry's discovery
that the straight-arm salute originated with the Pledge of Allegiance
to the U.S. flag.
Carl Gustav Jung, 1875–1961, Swiss psychiatrist, founder of analytical
psychology. He studied at Basel (1895–1900) and Zürich (M.D., 1902).
After a stint at the University Psychiatric Clinic in Zürich, Jung
worked (1902) under Eugen Bleuler at the Burgholzli Clinic. He wrote valuable
papers, but more important was his book on the psychology of dementia praecox
(1906), which led to a meeting (1907) with Sigmund Freud.
In Psychological Types (1921) Jung elucidated the concepts
of extroversion and introversion for the study of personality types. He
also developed the theory of synchronicity, the coincidence of causally
unrelated events having identical or similar meaning. Additionally, he
was the first person to introduce into the language such terms and concepts
as "anima" and "New Age."
Prior to World War II, Jung became president of the Nazi-dominated
International General Medical Society for Psychotherapy. As the Nazis
forced their Aryan ideology on the association, Jung became increasingly
uncomfortable and resigned. In addition, in 1943 he aided the Office of
Strategic Services by analyzing Nazi leaders for the United States.
Jung was editor of the Zentralblatt fur Psychotherapie, a
publication that eventually endorsed Mein Kampf as required reading for
all psychoanalysts. Jung claimed that he did this to save psychoanalysis
and preserve it during the war, believing that pyschoanalysis would not
otherwise survive because the Nazis considered it to be a "Jewish science"
. He also claimed he did it with the help and support of his Jewish friends
and colleagues. 
Jung also served as president of the Nazi-dominated International
General Medical Society for Psychotherapy. Later in the war though, Jung
resigned and joined the allied cause in the United States. In addition,
in 1943 he aided the Office of Strategic Services by analyzing Nazi leaders
for the United States.
Some scholars feel that Jung's reversal was not enough to compensate
for his complicity in the "nazification" of pscyhoanalysis. Jung published
several articles while working at the Göring Institute that claimed
superiority for the "Aryan race", in particular that the Aryan race had
a more "creative unconscious" than the Jewish race.
Also see R. Noll, The Jung Cult (1994) and The Aryan Christ (1997).
Here is a quote from Lucille Boone in her review of The Jung Cult:
Without disparaging Jung's contribution to psychology, Noll demonstrates
how Jung's experiences with occultism, neopaganism, and German utopianism
led him to formulate such concepts as the collective unconscious, archetypes,
and individuation. Contending that Jung, after his break with Freud, modeled
his school of psychoanalysis on ancient mystery religions, Noll shows how
followers continued to perpetuate this personality cult, ignoring Jung's
early life and work.
Here is another quote from Brian McCombie in his review of The Jung
Cult: Noll argues that Jungian analysis has evolved to a cult of personality
around its founder, to the point of becoming a religion--with Jung as
its prophet, and today's analysts its priesthood. If it's a religious movement,
Noll argues, there's too much focus on economic and personal promotion.
As a way to explain the workings of the human mind, Noll asserts, Jungian
theory contains little that is truly new, borrowing as it does from nineteenth-century
occultism, social Darwinism, and neopaganism. Noll further takes to task
many cornerstones of Jungian thought, such as the collective unconscious.
An interesting deconstruction.
Following World War I, Jung became a worldwide traveller, facilitated
by the funds he realized through book sales, honoraria, and moneys received
for sabbaticals from achieving seniority in the medical institutions at
which he was employed. He visited Northern Africa shortly after, and New
Mexico and Kenya in the mid-1920s. In 1938, he delivered the Terry Lectures,
Psychology and Religion, at Yale University. It was at about this stage
in his life that Jung visited India, and while there, had dreams related
to King Arthur. This convinced him that his agenda should be to pay more
attention to Western spirituality, and his later writings do show deep interests
in Western mystery tradition and esoteric Christianity, and especially alchemy.
"Fascist Spectacle" by Simonetta Falasca-Zamponi contains similar problems
and errors. As the title implies, the book uses the terms "fascist" and "nazi"
in the stereotypically misleading way (e.g. evading the actual name of the
group "National Socialist German Workers Party"). The author studied
in California, and merely did research in Italy, yet the author was completely
unaware that the stiff-armed salute was used in the early Pledge of Allegiance
before it was used in Italy (and thus the author overlooked the discovery
made by the symbologist Dr. Rex Curry: that the Pledge of Allegiance was
the origin of the salute adopted later by Benito Mussolini -when he was a
self-procalimed socialist- and by Adolf Hitler -under the National Socialist
German Workers Party). http://rexcurry.net/roman-salute-carl-jung.html
The author thus fails to draw any ominous parallels between the earlier practice
in the United States and this quote from the book: "On January 31, 1923, the
Ministry of Education instituted a ritual honoring the flag in schools. During
the ceremony students paid homage to the flag with fascist songs and a Roman
salute" (Page 110). The author does not realize that the same thing was happening
at the same time in the USA, and had been happening since 1892, where the
mis-named "Roman salute" originated. http://rexcurry.net/roman_salute_roman_salute_roman_salute.jpg
The ignorance is stunning (as it is for so many similar books about the same
topics). Simonetta Falasca-Zamponi is Associate Professor of Sociology at
the University of California, Santa Barbara. The publisher should share some
blame: University of California Press.
Movies as Our
Monday, April 11, 2005 - 06:31 PM
BY JOSEPH DISPENZA
It almost goes without saying that movies are like dreams. All of
us dream, and all of us have been to the movies, so we at least sense
the deep connection between the two. A movie is a succession of vivid images
that unspools on a screen; a dream is a succession of vivid images that
unspools in our heads while we sleep. Both dreams and movies play with
time, telling their stories in flashbacks, flash–forwards, dissolves, quick
cuts, fade–ins and fade–outs. Both emerge out of the dark and entrance us,
engrossing us completely in other times and other worlds. As in dreams, movies
allow us to live vicarious experiences. Jung himself said, "The cinema…makes
it possible to experience without danger all the excitement, passion and
desirousness which must be repressed in a humanitarian ordering of life."
Movies and the clinical interest in dreams appeared on the human
stage at the same moment. Freud's Interpretation of Dreams was published
in 1900, four years after the first public exhibition of movies in Paris
in 1896; Jung's On the Psychology of the Unconscious was published in 1917,
two years after D.W. Griffith directed the first American blockbuster, The
Birth of a Nation. Close siblings, they borrow terminology from each other.
Jung recommended his dreamers engage in 'active imagination,' which is
like making a mental movie; he spoke about amplification, the shadow, projection,
and the persona. Hollywood was nicknamed 'the dream factory.'
The Psychology of the Unconscious, by C. G. Jung 1912
Jung published Wandlungen und Symbole der Libido (known in English
as The Psychology of the Unconscious)
From The Psychology of the Unconscious, by C. G. Jung:
The Psychological Meaning of the Collective Unconscious
The Archetypes and The Collective Unconscious
The Collected Works of C.G. Jung, Volume 9, Part 1
Jung, C. G., (1934–1954). The Archetypes and The Collective Unconscious.
(1981 2nd ed. Collected Works Vol.9 Part 1), Princeton, N.J.: Bollingen.
Following the introduction of three essays to establish the basis
of the concepts ("Archetypes of the Collective Unconscious"; "The Concept
of the Collective Unconscious"; "Concerning the Archetypes"; originally
This ninth volume of C.G. Jung's collected writings is devoted to
his chief works on the concept of the collective unconscious and its
correlate, that of the archetypes.
The archetype corresponding to the situation is activated, and as
a result those explosive and dangerous forces hidden in the archetype
> into action, frequently with unpredictable consequences. There
is no lunacy people, under the domination of an archetype, will not fall
> prey to. If thirty years ago anyone had dared to predict
that our psychological development was tending towards a revival of the
medieval persecutions of the Jews, that Europe would again tremble before
the Roman fasces and the tramp of legions, that people would once more
give the Roman salute, as two thousand years ago, and that instead of the
Christian Cross an archaic swastika would lure onward millions of warriors
ready for death -- why, that man would have been hooted at as a mystical
fool. And today? Surprising as it may seem, all this absurdity is a horrible
reality. Private life, private aetiologies, and private neuroses have
become almost a fiction in the world of today.
> The man of the past who lived in a world of archaic "representations
collectives" has risen again into very visible and painfully real life,
> and this not only in a few unbalanced individuals but in many
> of people.
* Fascicles are the sections of a book, usually
a reference work, that because of its length, is issued in parts so that
the information may be made available to the public as soon as possible
rather than waiting years or decades to complete the entire work. The
Oxford English Dictionary was published in fascicles over many years,
as was the Dictionary of American English.
* A fascicle is a bundle of skeletal muscle
fibers surrounded by connective tissue.