images http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg

Some of Edward Bellamy's ignorant fantasies about socialism were inspired by his great-grandfather, Joseph Bellamy (1719-1790). Joseph, and his older cohort, Jonathan Edwards, both of Connecticut, were among the leaders of a movement known as "The Great Awakening," a religious revival that struck the country in 1740. Joseph Bellamy wrote and spoke extensively in support of his utopian fantasy.

In 1762, Joseph Bellamy delivered a sermon to the General Assembly of Connecticut and denounced competition, blamed competition for poverty, and advocated vague "cooperation" instead. 

In 1816, Rufus King Bellamy was born (1816 - 1886). He was father to Frederick, Edward, and Charles.  Rufus was a younger brother of David Bellamy (the father of Francis Bellamy). Both Rufus and David spent their lives in the ministry preaching their versions of utopia.  Rufus and his wife (Maria Putnam Bellamy) preached to their three sons the need for activist altruism. 

Charles and Edward Bellamy went on to write about utopian stories and fantasy tales. Charles wrote "Were They Sinners?" and "The Breton Mills" (1879) in which he used vague altruism to justify a socialist government. Edward followed the same route with "The Religion of Solidarity" and his totalitarian utopian fantasy "Looking Backward From 2000 to 1887," both considered part of the "Christian Socialism" dogma. Both brothers inpired their cousin, Francis Bellamy (author of the Pledge of Allegiance).  

Edward condemned industrialists as "worse than napoleons."  Industrialists created wealth and prosperity.  On the other hand, anti-capitalists caused the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part), the worst slaughter in human history, so great that it made Napoleon seem angelic in comparison.

Edward demonstrated his economic ignorance in editorials and reviews for six years while writing for leading Massachusetts and New York newspapers.  He said in print that workers and maybe even the middle class would soon be forced into serfdom.  His prediction about serfdom came true under the socialist Wholecaust.  

Bellamy promoted massive socialist monopolies and boondoggles. It is no coincidence that the first major biography of Edward Bellamy was gushingly written by Arthur Morgan, a Tennessee Valley Authority chairman from 1933 to 1938.

In 1879, Edward Bellamy published serially his historical romance "The Duke of Stockbridge," dealing with Shays' Rebellion (1786-87). His cousin, Francis Bellamy, would complete and issue it in book form in 1900.  The novel is set in western Massachusetts and portrays Revolutionary War veterans who believe that they have traded rule by a king for rule by "the rich."  It is foreshadow's Edward's glorification of the military, and his goal of using the military to take over the government and all of society.  See http://www.gutenberg.org

Similar to Hitler, Bellamy thrilled at thoughts of military glory.  Bellamy was inspired by the Union Army marching toward the War for Southern Independence.  

Bellamy's poor health is one reason why Bellamy did not gain was much power as the leader of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. At seventeen, Bellamy had  applied for West Point but failed the physical. Throughout Bellamy's life, his frail condition slowed his drive to impose national socialism.

Edward Bellamy married Emma Sanderson in 1882. Edward had opposed the idea of marriage, and he told Emma so after she confessed her love for him. Edward's views on marriage might have been similar to the views of his brother, Charles, later explicated somewhat in Charles' book "An Experiment in Marriage" (1889).  Edward embraced the idea of marriage after Emma became engaged to another man.  Edward and Emma had two children.  

In "Looking Backward: 2000-1887," a Bostonian, Julian West, sleeps for 113 years.  In the year 2000, West awakens and is appointed a professor to teach the history of the period in which he lived for his first thirty years. So West writes his autobiographical novel "Looking Backward: 2000-1887" to explain how much better off Bostonians are under socialism, then under America's bad old capitalism.

"Looking Backward" was published in 1887.  In 1898, its author, Edward Bellamy, died of consumption (tuberculosis).  Bellamy didn't live long enough to look back at most of the world’s socialist slaughter.  Bellamy never learned about the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part): the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (65 million slaughtered); the Peoples' Republic of China (35 million); and the National Socialist German Workers' Party (21 million).

Paraphrasing Julian West's infamous plea near the end of Bellamy's novel, wherever Bellamy's dogma has been imposed, "I have seen Humanity hanging on a cross."

Frightening information about the history of the Pledge of Allegiance is at http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-pledge.html (with shocking historical photographs) and for fascinating information about symbolism see http://rexcurry.net/book1a1contents-swastika.html 

Chicopee Historical Society and the Edward Bellamy Memorial Association and the Springfield branch of the Theosophical Society - All three organizations are headquartered out of the Edward Bellamy Homestead on Church Street

Edward Bellamy Memorial Association, Inc.
Stephen Jendrysik
91 Church Street
Chicopee MA 01020
TEL: 594-6496
email: s.jendrysik@worldnet.att.net


The Bellamy Association of Holland
Welvaart Vor Allen is or was the publication in the Netherlands of the Bellamy Association.


Scary happenings in 1934 in New York!

Widow of Prophet of Modern Miracles Visits New York
Published: May 23, 1934   New York, May 22 (UP)--
Excerpts -
"Edward Bellamy died 36 years age today, and the Bellamy Association of New York asked his 73-years old widow to come down from Springfield and talk over the same radio which her husband in 1888, predicted would some day be in wide use."

"His book, "Looking Backward," is used today in many colleges. Hundreds of Bellamy Associations, made up persons interested not only in reading his works, spread his ideas."

"He told how in America of the future people would wear paper clothes to be thrown away when they became dirty. A chemist this year announced that science is preparing to provide people with just such paper costumes."

"One night, as he is in his hypnotic trance, the house burns, and the servant - the only person who knows of the chamber - dies. The ruins are razed; 113 years pass; and West awakes in the year that Bellamy correctly identifies as the last year of the 20th century: 2000."


Under the centralizing influence of socialists like Stalin, Mao and Hitler, all industry and big companies were merged, gobbled up, and increased in power as socialist monopolies.

Bellamy advocated government force and violence to achieve those goals.
It is the same strategy that led to the socialist Wholecaust.
The nationalists were politicians who enacted a law in Massachusetts enabling cities to create government-owned and protected monopolies in electricity and gas.

"Looking Backward" broke upon the scene in a time when labor turmoil seemed ready to tear America apart. The book sold only 10,000 copies in its first year - then sales leaped into the hundreds of thousands. (At the time, 50,000 was considered a highly successful sale.)


The Atlanta Constitution expressed fear that, just as "Uncle Tom's Cabin" had led to the abolition of slavery, "Looking Backward" might bring "a new crusade against property and property rights in general."

Bellamy was ready for that crusade. He saw the astounding financial success of his book (he had originally asked his publisher to distribute it for free, but his publisher demurred) as a call to duty.

You might call Edward Bellamy the father of big-government, and he would have been proud of it.

"The Bellamys were never very practical people," says Michael Bellamy, grandson of Paul Bellamy, Edward's son, and a professor at the University of St. Thomas in St. Paul, Minn., who is writing a book about his great-grandfather's early novels. "Edward could never light a fire, we are told. I can barely change a light bulb."

Asked once to explain how the perfect society would be created, Edward Bellamy gave this terrifying foreshadow of socialist censorship, "When a man is shown the beauty of the woman he is going to marry, the problems of the marriage are not discussed."

Nevertheless, when buyers stopped being duped by his evasiveness, he tried to fill out some of the details in a later book, "Equality," completed just before he died. It did not do well in sales.

There were many people to whom "Looking Backward" became a sort of nightmare of a world that might be imposed. Thinking people know that humanity is not as yet stupid enough be duped into a Bellamy commonwealth. Old age is wiser than Bellamy thought, and the instinct of work for all is stronger than he imagined it. His utopian Commonwealth is a socialist soap bubble, and it had in it those iridescent colors which in some long days duped and then drowned millions in the world."

Drexel University 3141 Chestnut Street, in Philadelphia Though seemingly extravagant in so functional a structure, the Great Court, ornamented with casts of classical statuary, had a noble purpose. Here the buildings designers challenged the imagination of the students and faculty and demonstrated that even the modern world of science and technology should not be devoid of aesthetic delight and cultural content. This space, more than any other feature, hinted at the future and perhaps at the most famous Utopian image of its time, the great glass-domed interiors of the visionary landmarks of the year 2000 described in Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward of 1887. In this Utopian novel, Bellamy preached a dogma that was very much the didactic theme of the new Institute. on 17 December 1891, the new building of the Drexel Institute of Art, Science and Industry was dedicated.


Mark Twain was published in the Youth's Companion while Francis Bellamy worked there and during the life of Edward Bellamy. Mark Twain called Edward Bellamy's book "this latest and best of all our Bibles" and had Bellamy to visit at his house in Hartford, Conn.

Gorky pseud. of Alexei Peshkov became involved in a secret printing press and was temporarily exiled to Arzamas, central Russia in 1902. In the same year he was elected to the Russian Academy, but election was declared invalid by the government and several members of the Academy resigned in protest. Because of his political activism, Gorky was constantly in trouble with the tsarists authorities. He joined the Social Democratic party's left wing, headed by Lenin. To raise money to Russian revolutionaries, Gorky went to the United States in 1906. However, he was compelled to leave his hotel, not because of his political opinions, but because he traveled with Mlle. Andreieva, with whom he was not legally married. At that time, he had not obtained divorce from his first wife, Ekaterina Pavlovna, with whom he had two children.

The American author Mark Twain expressed his support to Gorky at a dinner party, saying, "My sympathies are with the Russian revolution, of course."

The Americans: 1587-1914 - by Joseph Chamberlain Furnas (1969) page 726 "Gorky classed Bellamy with Henry George and Jack London as American influences
important among Russian radicals."

Jack London’s 1907 novel "The Iron Heel" concerns a worldwide struggle between oligarchs and a socialist labor union. The book is introduced by a historian looking backwards from some future point in which the global socialist "paradise" has been imposed. That’s what happens in Edward Bellamy’s "Looking Backwards" (written two decades prior to "Iron Heel").

In comparison, some socalists touted violent revolution. A look backward reveals that is what happened as millions died under socialism's iron heel via Lenin and Stalin (under the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics); Mao (groomed and aided by Stalin); and Hitler (under the National Socialist German Workers Party); Pol Pot in Cambodia, et cetera ad nauseum. 

one of the few works of American popular fiction to impel both social action and political reform.
They builded better than they knew - Page 345
by Julius Henry Cohen - 1971 - 376 pages
... Jews from Fascist and Nazi persecution. z. "Memoirs of a Superfluous Man ...
She was the sister-in- law of Edward Bellamy, author of "Looking Backwards. ..
Page 345
She was the sister-in- law of Edward Bellamy, author of "Looking Backwards." At this time, Edwin L. Godkin was editor of the "Post" and Charles A. Dana was
Cornell University Library

The North American review. / Volume 150, Issue 400
Publisher:     University of Northern Iowa     Publication Date:     March 1890
City:     Cedar Falls, Iowa, etc.     Pages:     794 page images in vol.
This entire journal issue:     http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABQ7578-0150&byte=106479261

    * "Looking Backward" Again, by Edward Bellamy: pp. 351-364
          o p. 351 1 match of 'edward bellamy'

Title:     The North American review. / Volume 150, Issue 400
Publisher:     University of Northern Iowa     Publication Date:     March 1890
City:     Cedar Falls, Iowa, etc.     Pages:     794 page images in vol.
This entire journal issue:     http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABQ7578-0150&byte=106479261
          o p. 71 1 match of 'edward bellamy'

Title:     Manufacturer and builder / Volume 22, Issue 3
Publisher:     Western and Company     Publication Date:     March 1890
City:     New York     Pages:     466 page images in vol.
This entire journal issue:     http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABS1821-0022&byte=56762984


    * Advertisements: pp. 381-416
          o p. 393 1 match of 'edward bellamy'

Title:     The Bay State monthly. / Volume 2, Issue 6
Publisher:     John N. McClintock and Co.     Publication Date:     March 1885
City:     Boston     Pages:     472 page images in vol.
This entire journal issue:     http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=AFJ3035-0002&byte=24949420

    * An Echo of Antietam, by Edward Bellamy: pp. 374-382
          o p. 381 1 match of 'edward bellamy'

Title:     The Century; a popular quarterly. / Volume 38, Issue 3
Publisher:     The Century Company     Publication Date:     July 1889
City:     New York     Pages:     974 page images in vol.
This entire journal issue:     http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABP2287-0038&byte=40474371
    * At Pinney's Ranch, by Edward Bellamy: pp. 777-785
          o p. 785 1 match of 'edward bellamy'

Title:     The Atlantic monthly. / Volume 60, Issue 362
Publisher:     Atlantic Monthly Co.     Publication Date:     December 1887
City:     Boston     Pages:     866 page images in vol.
This entire journal issue:     http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABK2934-0060&byte=281985289
    * The Blindman's World, by Edward Bellamy: pp. 693-704

Title:     The Atlantic monthly. / Volume 58, Issue 349
Publisher:     Atlantic Monthly Co.     Publication Date:     November 1886
City:     Boston     Pages:     894 page images in vol.
This entire journal issue:     http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=ABK2934-0058&byte=280511663
    * The Author of "Looking Backward", by Sylvester Baxter: pp. 92-98
          o p. 93 1 match of 'edward bellamy'
          o p. 98 1 match of 'edward bellamy'

Title:     The New England magazine. / Volume 7, Issue 1
Publisher:     New England Magazine Co.     Publication Date:     September 1889
City:     Boston     Pages:     720 page images in vol.
This entire journal issue:     http://cdl.library.cornell.edu/cgi-bin/moa/moa-cgi?notisid=AFJ3026-0007&byte=2454871

The Regenerators: social criticism in late Victorian English Canada By Ramsay Cook
Page 101
Moreover, he was a reader of the Christian socialist Charles Kingsley and of Edward Bellamy.50 It also seems likely that his association with Edward ...
Page 167
... meetings of the Toronto Nationalist Association, Thompson and other prominent re-formers discussed the teachings of Edward Bellamy and Madame Blavatsky. ...
Page 169
Thompson began to design his blueprint for a socialist society before he read Edward Bellamy and before he joined ...
Page 171
Monopoly was a triumph of natural forces and should be accepted. That was one of the lessons taught by Edward Bellamy. And there were others. ...
Page 172
From Edward Bellamy he learned that monopoly was natural and that it should be transferred to community ownership. 'Capitalism/ Thompson believed ...
more »
Page 173
For Thompson, as for many contemporary social critics whom he admired and read - Henry George, Edward Bellamy, William Morris, HM Hyndman, Edward Carpenter ...
Page 255
... Henry Demarest Lloyd, and Edward Bellamy' Perspectives in American History 6 (1972) 135—66 and Thomas Bender Toward an Urban Vision: Ideas and ...
Page 256
30 John L. Thomas Alternative America: Henry George, Edward Bellamy, Henry Demarest Lloyd, and the Adversary Tradition (Cambridge, Mass. ...
Page 261
... in WR Fraser 'Canadian Reactions' in Edward Bellamy Abroad edited by Sylvia E. Bowman (New York 1962), but it is inade- ...
Page 262
JA Macdonald * Looking Backward* Knox College Monthly and Presbyterian Magazine 10 (August 1889) 209—12; 'Edward Bellamy, Religion, and the Church in the ...
Page 276
faces in the street By pip wilson
Page 145
They've got no Marx in them, no Edward Bellamy ... no William Morris. You know what these labor blokes want, Harry? I'll tell you. ...
Page 241
It's OK as papers go, but a bit too Edward Bellamy for my taste - my favourite is still Anarchist." "At least it's not the The Chinese Australian Herald" ...
Page 515
Australia's blossoming radical movement at this time had many journals serialising such authors as Thomas Paine, Edward Bellamy, Henry George and Peter ...
Page 543
... , and the Utopian writings of Edward Bellamy (qv) and writings and experiments of Etienne Cabet. During the Shearers' Strike of 1891, ...
EE 72 Ball, John 36 Baptist Church 30, 267 n2 Barnaby Rudge (Dickens) 127 Beecher, Henry Ward 15, 16, 46, 56 Bellamy, Edward 47, 63, 111, 185, 262 n2i

L. Frank Baum: Creator of Oz
Katharine M. Rogers
1.      on Page 39:
"... discover them to others who have no business to know them?"22 On January 31, Mrs. Bilkins was inspired by Edward Bellamy's ..."
2.     on Page 170:
"... In the America of 2000 described in Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward 2000-1887 (1888), wealth is fairly distributed because capital is controlled by a great national trust, rather than greedy ..."
3.     on Page 171:
"... 52 Bellamy's utopia would have been too regimented for Baum and is deficient in imaginative appeal and warmth. William Morris's News from ..."
4.     on Page 172:
"... the Gale family is in the very situation that animated the protests of the Populists and of reforming writers like Bellamy. No matter how hard he works, Uncle Henry cannot pay off the mortgage he had to put on his farm; ..."
5.     from Back Matter:
"... Oil Salesman 1856-1888 I. Henry Demarest Lloyd, Wealth Against Commonwealth, cited by John L. Thomas, Alternative America: Henry George; Edward Bellamy, ..."
6.     from Back Matter:
"... Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward 2000-1887 (New York: Modern Library, I95I), 69, I25. 52. Ibid., 212. 53. William Morris, News from Nowhere and ..."
7.     from Back Matter:
"... Frank Baum (1907). Intro. Edith and Warren Hollister . Delmar, NY: Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, 1983. Bellamy, Edward. Looking Backward 2000-1887. Intro. Robert L. Shutter, New York: Modern Library, 1951. ..."
8.     from Back Matter:
"... Thomas, John L. Alternative America: Henry George, Edward Bellamy, Henry Demarest Lloyd and the Adversary Tradition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983. Thompson, Ruth P. The Cowardly Lion of Oz. ..."
9.     from Index:
"... (book) (LFB), 2I0, 292 Beckwith, Osmond, 266 Bellamy, Edward, Looking Backward 2000- 1887, 39-40, I70-7I Bell's palsy, 269 Besant, Annie, 52 "Bess of the Movies" (story) (LFB), 284 ..."
read about Edward Bellamy in Ralph Henry Gabriel, The Course of American Democratic Thought: An Intellectual
History Since 1815; (New York, 1940),
The Ronald press company
452 pages
Page 211
Page 212
Page 316

The Pledge of Allegiance is http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg The Road to Serfdom by Friedrich Hayek

Henry George & Edward Bellamy http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg Edward Bellamy & Auguste Comte

Letter: Politicians implementing Bellamy’s utopian vision   January 28, 2009

Laurence Reisman’s column “Newspapers without ads?” (Jan. 26) about Edward Bellamy’s book “Looking Backward,” covered the fate of newspapers in Bellamy’s socialist utopia. However, promoters of the new world order have much more in the works for us.

Auguste Comte (1798-1857) wrote the plan. Bellamy fictionalized and popularized it. Present-day politicians are implementing it. Here are a few Bellamy quotes from “Looking Backward” and “Equality.”

• “The nation ... is organized as one great business corporation in which all other corporations were absorbed; it became the one capitalist in the place of all other capitalists, the sole employer. The final monopoly in which all previous and lesser monopolies were swallowed up.”

• “Not one outrage, not one act of oppression, not one exhibition of conscience-less rapacity, not one prostitution of power on the part of executive, legislative or judiciary, not one tear of patriotic shame over the degradation of the national name, not one blow of the policeman’s bludgeon, not a single bullet or bayonet thrust of the soldiery, could have been spared. Nothing but just the discipline of failure, disappointment and defeat on the part of the earlier reformers could have educated the people to the necessity of attacking the system of private capitalism in its existence instead of merely in its particular manifestations.”

• “To speak of service being compulsory would be a weak way to state its absolute inevitableness. Our entire social order is so wholly based upon and deduced from it that if it were conceivable that a man could escape it, he would be left with no possible way to provide for his existence. He would have excluded himself from the world, cut himself off from his kind, in a word, committed suicide.”

Janet Peter
Palm City


 Erica Carle

February 20, 2009



This impotence and robotization of legislative bodies was planned many years ago by none other than that crazy Frenchman, Auguste Comte. He made it perfectly clear in his Positive Philosophy that in the future, thinking would no longer be necessary or desirable on the part of most individuals. He wrote:

The requisite convergence of the best minds cannot be obtained without voluntary renunciation on the part of most of them, of their sovereign right to free inquiry......

.....So I maintain there is NO ONE, DEAD OR ALIVE, who is more to blame for the ongoing destruction of the United States and the United States Constitution than that crazy Frenchman, Auguste Comte.

Tell me about Edward Bellamy and Looking Backward; Madam Blavatsky, Annie Besant and the Theosophical Society........ After being inspired and instructed, directly or indirectly, by Comte, all of them worked for their own versions of world government. All of them were important. All of them and many others played significant roles in the drive to destroy nations. But the crazy Frenchman out-flummoxed every one of them. He accomplished for the WORld Management System (WORMS) what no one else had accomplished.

He not only convinced millions to stop thinking independently, he gave them what they believed was moral justification for the abandonment of self and personality. He did this by coining the word “otherism.” Otherism gave the WORMS promoters a feeling of virtue for the worship of Comte’s new goddess, Humanity. By claiming their motives come from otherism, the nation destroyers allowed themselves to believe they are not evil, not traitorous, not greedy, not naïve, not stupid. They are concerned -- totally concerned -- with the welfare of others. (otherism in French=altruism). The crazy Frenchman wrote:

The ultimate systematization of human life must consist above all in the development of otherism.