Pledge of Allegiance ? Pledge Allegiance image

South Korea's Pledge of Allegiance is American socialism. America's Pledge of Allegiance was the origin of the Nazi salute and "military socialism" as promoted by Francis Bellamy of the Youth's Companion, Edward Bellamy of Looking Backward, and other socialists in the USA, exposed here. Pledge Allegiance image
I pledge allegiance to the flag fascists nazis socialists authoritarians totalitarians

The USA originated flag fetishism, robotic group-chanting to flags, Nazism, Nazi salutes, and the modern swastika as alphabetical symbolism, as shown in the jaw-dropping discoveries of the noted historian Dr. Rex Curry (author of "Pledge Of Allegiance Secrets").

The USA's Pledge of Allegiance was written by a National Socialist (Francis Bellamy) in 1892 and it spread to many countries, including South Korea.

Today, South Korea even mimicks the American socialist Pledge in South Korea's use of the hand-over-the-heart gesture, that was substituted for the previous Nazi gesture.

Socialists in the USA have a long history of influencing flag worship in other people. Japanese Americans were taught America's stiff-arm salute in government schools, and even at internment camps or concentration camps.

To this day, China still uses America's early stiff-arm salute.

American socialists even influenced flag worship in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

Similar side effects can be seen in Singapore.

This question arises: Did Korea and Singapore both begin with the American socialist salute (the stiff-arm salute) and then switch (following the lead of government in the U.S.) to the hand-over-the-heart? Preliminary research indicates that Korea and Singapore both used the stiff-armed American socialist salute at some time in the past.

The American socialist salulte probably influenced Korea and Singapore in the same manner that it influenced the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the Peoples' Republic of China.

Korea and Singapore were also influenced by the USSR and the PRC (and they adopted American flag practices).

With the defeat of Japan in 1945, the United Nations developed plans for a trusteeship administration, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics administering the peninsula north of the 38th parallel and the United States administering the south. The politics of the Cold War resulted in the 1948 establishment of two separate governments, North Korea and South Korea.

The government of South Korea has added stipulations about the pledge of allegiance to its enforcement order for the National Flag Law, which was passed by the National Assembly in January, 2007.

In the Korean legal system, an enforcement order refers to one of the detailed regulations made by the government that narrows the scope of what is permitted by bills passed by the National Assembly. If the enforcement order contradicts congress-passed bills, it has no effect.

The Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs on May 3 said, "The National Assembly's committee inspecting proposed bills decided to keep stipulations about the pledge of allegiance from the law itself and instead include them in the law's enforcement order. Public notice has been served that the enforcement order is going to take effect, so we are listening to what the public says before it occurs."

Korea's pledge of allegiance to the flag, or the "Pledge in Front of the Flag" (gukgi ape maengse), which was first implemented by the South Chungcheong Province Office of Education, has been criticized by some that it had totalitarian parts added when the Yusin regime of president Park Chung-hee was created in 1972.

The ministry plans to make a final draft after collecting public opinions until May 13 and then put the matter before the Cabinet next month. The ministry is preparing to make the enforcement order to take effect on July 27 when the law for the national flag becomes effective.

The National Assembly removed the pledge from the proposed version of the National Flag Law last year after the idea of including it sparked controversy. Instead, the Assembly left the problem of whether or not to include it in the enforcement order and any matter concering the wording was left to the ministry. The ministry, however, proposed the enforcement order on April 23 without taking procedures to collect the public opinions, such as performing public hearings and public polls.

Kim Seong-ho, an aide to Rep. Hong Mi-young of the pro-government Uri Party who submitted the bill on the national flag without the pledge in 2004, said, "It would desirable to remove the outdated regulation on saying the pledge.''

"Even if it is included in the enforcement order" he said, "the parts containing the remnants of the military culture forcing loyalty for the dictatorial regime should be changed.''

"Military Socialism" was the term that Francis Bellamy and Edward Bellamy used to describe their dogma. America Pledge originally began with a military salute that was then extended out toward the flag. It was the origin of America's stiff-arm salute, adopted later by the National Socialist German Workers Party, and other.

Kim Sang-bong, a professor at Chonnam National University, said, "The pledge of allegiance aimed at taming many people and making them objects is not appropriate at a time when South Korea is become a multi-racial society. Now is the time to discuss whether to keep the pledge around or not."

The Bellamys wanted government to take over all schools in the USA. When their wish was granted, the government schools imposed segregation by law and taught racism as official policy.  It served as a horrid example for three decades before and through the creation of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. It even outlasted the the NSDAP by more than a decade.

In response, Jeong Ho-yun, an idiotic aide to Rep. Lee Sang-bae of the main opposition Grand National Party (GNP), said, "These days individuals are stressed day by day and the state is losing meaning. The pledge should be maintained to instill patriotism into the hearts of people.''

South Korea Pledge of Allegiance
Pledge of Allegiance Korea, Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, Swastika

China still uses the American salute (the early stiff-arm salute)
Pledge of Allegiance Republic of China ROC Taipei Times Nazi salute

Peoples Action Party PAP logo Singapore Socialist Swastikas image
Singapore's Peoples Action Party

Peoples' Action Party PAP singapore Nazi salute

Peoples' Action Party PAP Singapore Pledge of Allegiance Flag Fetishism

Thailand PAD Peoples Alliance Democracy Swastika
Thailand PAD Peoples Alliance Democracy Swastika

Peoples' Action Party PAP Singapore Communism Socialism

A pledge to a nation, or a gang oath?  

Jeong Jeong-hun, lawyer

By Jeong Jeong-hun, lawyer     © 2006 The Hankyoreh Media Company.

There is a debate going on right now over whether to continue the Gukgie daehan maengse, the "Pledge to the Flag," Korea's version of the pledge of allegiance. That the pledge derived from one that Koreans were forced to recite during Japanese colonial rule and that its current wording is a product of the Park Chung-hee dictatorship and thereby risks being totalitarian is in my view of secondary importance.

The essence of the problem here is that state is forcing people to be "loyal." Is the state something to be loyal to? There is not going to be a correct answer to that question as long as it is left to personal judgment. Whether the state can force loyalty, however, is a different matter. Forcing people to have loyalty towards the state takes the relationship between the state and the citizenry and its reciprocity of rights and obligations and turns it into a hierarchical relationship where the people must live up to all their duties to country. This takes the unique regulatory kind of relationship like that which exists in the military and unduly applies it to the whole population. For this reason, it goes against the basic spirit of the constitution. It also goes against the direction of history, in which the position of those who make up a country has constantly changed. People have elevated their status from feudal subjects forced into loyalty to become modern citizens in a relationship of rights and obligations, and it would be wrong to attempt to turn back history.

In the three versions of the revision to the pledge put forth by the Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs, all you find is a people who faithfully fulfill their duty to the state. You do not find a citizenry which asserts its rights. That is because asserting your rights is something that fundamentally does not fit with a format for declaring loyalty. In light of how historically state power has often translated into violence towards sovereign citizens, what is needed instead is a civic spirit that sees the state as an object of control.

Those in favor of the pledge say they are worried about "individualism" on the part of young students these days. However, it would be fatal poison for the health of the community to prescribe collectivism and or nationalism for dealing with individualism. Collectivism is merely an expanded form of individualism. The right approach would be to instill, through history education based on a perspective of peace, the idea that the individual exists in a social relationship and that the state and the Korean people as an ethnic group are one of those relationships, thereby bringing back the spirit of inter-relatedness.

There was a time years ago when teams playing football (soccer) would fight over whether or not a goal was valid if it was made right at 5 p.m., when the whole country was supposed to drop everything and stand still for the pledge broadcast every day. Those times were real tragicomedy forced upon the nation by a modern history full of twisted principles. Today, more than 70 percent of the public supports keeping the pledge, a sad example of the social effects of nationalist education and defining ourselves solely as a country's nationals.

Changes and development in history have come not through the internalization of the spirit of loyalty and obedience, but with a spirit that is free and critical and the courage to question what is assumed to be self-evident. In 1990, the United States Supreme Court ruled that punishing a person for damaging the U.S. flag would damage the precious freedom it is supposed to symbolize. All that you have when the state forces you to pledge loyalty and in a social atmosphere that makes you internalize one-way discipline is freedom's shadow.

Criminal gangs force new members to pledge their loyalty, too. That is surely because you need to disallow criticism through that kind of format if you want to maintain an organization that lacks legitimacy. State philosophy is destitute if it tries to establish the legitimacy of state power the easy way - by forcing a pledge of loyalty instead of by guaranteeing freedom and equality for its members as well as achieving justice through efforts by the state in cooperation with social consensus. The state thirsts after the position of Absolute as it forces people to make its pledge, but to me that attempt looks more like a vision for the state that comes out of a gangster mindset. The pledge takes the citizens for low-level gangsters and as such should be abolished, because that is what would fit with the spirit of the constitution, which declares that it is from the people that the state gains legitimacy for its power and authority.


"Dr. Curry showed that the early Pledge Of Allegiance did not use an ancient Roman salute, and that the 'ancient Roman salute'  myth came from the Pledge Of Allegiance."

Pledge Of Allegiance The Pledge of Allegiance & socialism, segregation and racism

Pledge Of Allegiance Pledge Of Allegiance

Many people have marveled at Adolf Hilter's "hypnotic" powers and his propaganda skills, as if he was the first of his kind as head of the National Socialist German Workers Party. Adolf Hitler's propaganda had already been pioneered by Francis Bellamy, Edward Bellamy and American socialists. They put government flags over schools, in classrooms and everywhere. Francis Bellamy's original Columbus Day program was a blueprint of nationwide propaganda for socialism in government schools. They dictated daily robotic chanting. People who refused were persecuted. As the government's schools spread, segregation was imposed by law and racism was taught as official policy.

The Pledge is the government's way of telling you that it does not trust you and that it thought you were a liar yesterday when it made you chant about allegiance.  It will feel the same way about you tomorrow when it makes you do it again. And the next day. And so on, and so on.......

Frightening information about the history of the Pledge of Allegiance is at (with shocking historical photographs).
For fascinating information about symbolism see 
Hear audio on worldwide radio at

Pledge of Allegiance pics page 2
Pledge of Allegiance pics page 3
Pledge of Allegiance pics page 4
Pledge of Allegiance pics page 5
Pledge of Allegiance pics page 6
Pledge of Allegiance pics page 7
Pledge of Allegiance pics page 8
Pledge of Allegiance pics page 9

Court litigation about the Pledge of Allegiance is fascinating. As a pro bono service to help the media and the public understand the bigger issues, Dr. Rex Curry collects astounding historic photos and information about the pledge and this is the only place to find them.  

A recent court case led to scary discoveries about the Pledge’s pedigree. A libertarian made the historic news-breaking discovery that exposed the Pledge as the origin of the salute of the monstrous National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazis).

A recent ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court was a blessing in disguise, because it provided a temporary delay and avoided the primary issue.   It allowed the fight to widen against the entire Pledge, not just two words. 

As a libertarian and a lawyer, Dr. Rex Curry is spearheading future court litigation as a pro bono service to the public to liberate Americans from government pushing the totalitarian Pledge.

Some of the litigation started in the case of U.S. v. Wonschik at    

“Pledge II” will be a blockbuster sequel. 

A QUICK SCARY OVERVIEW - about the ideas that inspired the pledge and caused atrocities worldwide.

THE BELLAMY COUSINS - Francis Bellamy wrote the pledge, Edward Bellamy inspired Francis, both were socialists,
and the ideas that inspired them and the pledge caused mass atrocities worldwide.
FRANCIS BELLAMY  - 1855-1931. He wrote the pledge and he died just as his salute & ideas became even more infamous.
EDWARD BELLAMY - 1850-1898. He wrote "Looking Backward" but he didn't have to look back at his socialist slaughter.

BELLAMY'S SPEECH - for the first time ever on the internet: the speech that accompanied the first Pledge of Allegiance.
It is exposed and explained with references to "Looking Backward" and the "Industrial Army."  Only at    
THE PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE - and the worship of government.  A different look at the ideas in the Newdow case.

THE MILITARY-SOCIALISM COMPLEX - even more secret photos of the original military salute.
THE SALUTE - Did government schools in the U.S. inspire the National Socialist German Worker's Party?

STUDENTS DEFY THE SOCIALIST PLEDGE - these resources help them to stop the Pledge in government schools (and out).
MUST YOU OR STUDENTS SALUTE THE FLAG ? or say the pledge in government schools?
THE MYTH OF SOCIALIZATION - government schools teach intolerance and regimentation.
SEGREGATION & RACISM - as official government policy from socialism and its government schools.
SOCIALISM'S RACISM -in government schools abetted by Francis Bellamy.
BELLAMY WAS A BIGOT - and socialism and government schools are inherently racist and bigoted.

ATHEISTS & SOCIALISTS - do they disagree with the kids in the Gobitas Case?  What about the Supreme Court's Newdow case?
REPUBLICANS WHO LIKE THE PLEDGE - are they the Society of Christian Socialists? Which case do they like and why? What do they believe about the Pledge of Allegiance to the Christian Flag?

FANS WRITE scary details about the old pledge & survival tips if you keep reciting.
A GERMAN FAN - says "Thanks!" for showing that crazy socialists in the U.S. created the salute and ideas
before German socialists did it in the National Socialist German Workers' Party.
GERMAN-AMERICAN BUND - the History Channel documentary leaves a lot out.
MORE GERMAN TIES - U.S. socialists promoted racism, eugenics and hatred of individuality & differences.
THE MEDIA - won't show you photos of the U.S. flag's original socialist salute.  And government schools won't either.
INTERNET SEARCHES - pioneers philosophical concepts untouched by media & the public.
REWARD $$$$ - this site pays for historic photos showing the original U.S. flag salute.
POSTCARDS TO SHARE - of the U.S. flag's original socialist salute.
REX'S IMPROVED PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE - for government to pledge to you.
A SOCIALIST WROTE THE PLEDGE - for allegiance to socialism in government schools.
FLAG DAY LETTER - June 14 letter to the editor for you to use to educate the public & media.

It is a myth that the Pledge’s original straight-arm salute is an ancient Roman salute.

To a totalitarian socialist, "liberty and justice for all" means the opposite of what it means for everyone else.
When a totalitarian socialist says "liberty and justice for all" he is telling you that he wants to rob and enslave you.

The only reason that people don't despise the hand-over-the-heart salute is because it wasn't used by the National Socialist German Workers' Party.

Nazi salute

Nazi salute

In addition to the notorious salute, American socialists (e.g. Edward Bellamy and Francis Bellamy teamed with the Theosophical Society and Freemasons) also bear some blame for the notorious symbol usd by the National Socialist German Workers Party. The same symbol was used by the Theosophical Society during the time when the Bellamys, Freemasons and the Theosophical Society worked together. They also helped spread the stiff arm salute via the Pledge at their meetings.

Swastika Swastika
Swastika, Francis Bellamy, Pledge of Allegiance, Edward Bellamy, Looking Backward, Holocaust, Inquisition
Swastika Swastika

Pledge of Allegiance homepage of News, reference material, library, links, collections