EDWARD BELLAMY LOOKING BACKWARD Edward Bellamy http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg Edward Bellamy
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The Pledge of Allegiance was written by Francis Bellamy in 1892 and expresses ideas in the socialist utopian novels of Francis' cousin Edward Bellamy.  Francis wrote the pledge to promote the Bellamys' idea of socialism in the most socialistic institution -government schools.   The Bellamy cousins were totalitarian socialists, and the ideas that inspired them and the pledge helped to inspire mass atrocities worldwide. http://rexcurry.net/pledge1.html

Edward Bellamy's date of birth was March 26, 1850, in Chicopee Falls, Massachusetts. Bellamy’s father was Reverend Rufus King Bellamy and Bellamy’s mother was Maria Putnam Bellamy, daughter of the Reverend Benjamin Putnam. The Bellamy geneology dates to the 1640’s, and includes many Baptist ministers. Bellamy’s great-grandfather was the famous Reverend Joseph Bellamy, who worked closely with Jonathan Edwards in the Great Awakening at the time of the Revolutionary War.

The Bellamys inspired a socialist movement worldwide and the bible of that movement was Edward Bellamy's book "Looking Backward" (1888) a fantasy about a revolution of totalitarian socialism.  It was translated into every major language including the languages of those countries that experienced socialist revolutions and the socialist Wholecaust (of which the Holocaust was a part) under the National Socialist German Workers' Party (~20 million dead), the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (~60 million dead), and the Peoples' Republic of China (~50 million dead).  The United States are fortunate to have detoured from the deadly path of Bellamy’s dogma.

Edward was close to his mother and she inspired him to become an insatiable reader, especially of the biographies of great men and tales of adventure.  He was fascinated by science, history and military heroes.

When he was 17, he applied for admission to West Point, but failed to pass the physical examination. He studied at Union College, Schenectady, New York and became interested  Socialism.

Bellamy also studied in Germany, where he lived for a year. He studied law and entered the bar in 1871, opening his own law office in Chicopee, Massachusetts. His first (and only) case caused him to evict a widow for non-payment of rent, and he left the legal profession.

He so misunderstood the rule of law that in his chosen profession that in “Looking Backward” there are no lawyers, just a world full of laws and government.

He did something similar with churches and religion in “Looking Backward.”  A cynical passage near the end of Chapter 26 gives the only mention of their minor status, used as a story device for spouting Edward Bellamy’s socialist philosophy.  This is an quote from the Mr. Barton’s sermon: “...it must not be forgotten that the nineteenth century was in name Christian, and the fact that the entire commercial and industrial frame of society was the embodiment of the anti-Christian spirit must have had some weight, though I admit it was strangely little, with the nominal followers of Jesus Christ.” 

After Edward Bellamy’s book of 1888, and shortly before Francis Bellamy wrote the pledge for the Youth’s Companion written in 1892,  Francis was pushed out of the ministry for his real-life socialist propagandizing, including sermons like “Jesus the Socialist.”  An actual speech entitled “Jesus the Socialist” by Francis Bellamy is not known to exist today.  What is known is that Francis espoused Edward’s dogma.  Edward’s character Mr. Barton inspired Francis Bellamy’s ministry and its end.  Francis’ sermon “Jesus the socialist” is Mr. Barton’s sermon in “Looking Backward.”    

Edward Bellamy withdrew from the religiosity of his mother, in favor of socialism.  The biography “Edward Bellamy” by Arthur E. Morgan states “...there is repeated evidence that in his effort to become free from the loving pressure upon him, he came to the point of spiritual rebellion.

In one of Edward Bellamy’s early journals is this short note “It has come to that now that I don’t know how a man can better serve his country than by becoming an infidel.”

His infidel status reached the ultimate point with his last book, published posthumously “The Religion of Solidarity” (Antioch Bookplate Company, 1940).


Edward Bellamy's book “Looking Backward” (1888) was such a success that it inspired the "Nationalism" movement in the U.S. and "Bellamy Clubs" (also known as "Nationalist Clubs") whose members wanted the federal government to nationalize most of the American economy. They saw government schools as a means to their socialist "Nationalism."

The book "Looking Backward" is about a man who sleeps from 1887 until the year 2000.  The United States has become one giant socialist monopoly (excuse the redundancy). The demented document openly portrays men treated as military draftees, from the age of twenty-one until the age of forty-five, in the U.S.’s industrial army (for more on that see http://rexcurry.net/pledge_military.html).  Bellamy’s glorification of the military includes government control of all jobs.  Everyone is issued ration cards which are used to draw goods from government storehouses. Everyone is permitted only the same amount in value annually.  The entire school system is only a government school system and it is an integral part of the development of the industrial army and of the entire socialist monopoly system.

Of course, all of the preceding is portrayed as a dandy utopia just as it was portrayed by so many apologists for the military socialist complex of the socialist trio of atrocities and other socialist hell-holes (see http://rexcurry.net/socialists.jpg).  According to R. J. Rummel's article in the Encyclopedia of Genocide (1999) the top three most murderous regimes are: (1) the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 62 million deaths, 1917-'87; (2) People's Republic of China, 35 million, 1949-'87; (3) Germany under the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, 21 million, 1933-'45;                                                                                                                  

Bellamy's book was translated into 20 foreign languages.  It was popular among the elite in pre-revolutionary Russia, and was even read by Lenin's wife. John Dewey and the historian Charles Beard intended to praise the book by stating that it was matched in influence only by Das Kapital.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Edward Bellamy Looking Backward Francis Bellamy Pledge Of Allegiance, Swastika, Socialist Fascist Nazi Third Reich Hitler Stalin Mao trio of atrocities. Edward Bellamy            
Did Bellamy foresee soviet-style rationing, or did he inspire it?   

Bellamy’s is the same socialist naivete that resulted in 7 million persons who perished from 1932-33 in the famine that resulted in Europe’s “breadbasket” after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics imposed collectivist land management in the Ukraine. By the spring of 1933, an estimated 25,000 people died every day in the Ukraine.  It is the same socialist naivete that resulted in 27 million people starving to death in 1958 in the so-called “Great Leap Forward” in China.  Was the “Great Leap Forward” inspired by “Looking Backward”?  

If Bellamy's fictional character had awakened in the year 2000 he would learn that since 1887 Bellamy's philosophy had set and was holding all the worst records for shortages, poverty, misery, starvation, atrocities and mass slaughter.  Edward Bellamy lived from 1850–1898, and died in Chicopee, Massachusetts and was spared witnessing the horrors that his socialism caused to the rest of humanity.

The original Pledge of Allegiance to the U.S. flag as dictated by Francis Bellamy used a straight-arm salute, not the hand-over-the-heart (see rare historic photos at http://rexcurry.net/pledge1.html).  Francis Bellamy died in 1931, living long enough to see a similar salute and a similar philosophy espoused by the National Socialist German Workers' Party.

As the only person on the internet who collects, exposes and writes about historical photos of the original socialist salute to the U.S. flag, I consider Edward Bellamy’s book (and the Bellamy cousins' ideas) terrifying.

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Edward Bellamy http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg Edward Bellamy, Bellamy salute, Francis Bellamy
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Edward Bellamy http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg Edward Bellamy, Francis Bellamy, Pledge of Allegiance

Julian West, James Upham, Youths Companion, Nationalism, Socialist Revolution, Theosophical, Theosophy, Blavatsky
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PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE http://rexcurry.net/pledge-allegiance-pledge-allegiance.jpg FRANCIS BELLAMY
PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE http://rexcurry.net/edward%20bellamy.jpg EDWARD BELLAMY

SWASTIKA http://rexcurry.net/swastika3clear.jpg SWASTIKA
Edward Bellamy Swastika, Industrial Army
SWASTIKA http://rexcurry.net/swastika3clear.jpg EDWARD BELLAMY

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